Palm reading: A pilot study to discriminate phytoliths of four Arecaceae (Palmae) taxa

Fenwick, Rohan S. H., Lentfer, Carol J. and Weisler, Marshall I. (2011) Palm reading: A pilot study to discriminate phytoliths of four Arecaceae (Palmae) taxa. Journal of Archaeological Science, 38 9: 2190-2199. doi:10.1016/j.jas.2011.03.016

Author Fenwick, Rohan S. H.
Lentfer, Carol J.
Weisler, Marshall I.
Title Palm reading: A pilot study to discriminate phytoliths of four Arecaceae (Palmae) taxa
Journal name Journal of Archaeological Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0305-4403
Publication date 2011-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jas.2011.03.016
Volume 38
Issue 9
Start page 2190
End page 2199
Total pages 10
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Academic Press
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
A pilot study of an opal phytolith morphotype series diagnostic for palms (Arecaceae), using modern specimens of four economically important palm species (Areca catechu L., Calamus aruensis Becc., Cocos nucifera L., and Metroxylon sagu Rottb.), was undertaken to identify distinctive features of leaf phytoliths from each taxon. Our univariate and multivariate analyses documented that although it was not possible to identify individual palm phytoliths unambiguously to taxon, interspecific differences in phytolith morphology significantly outweighed intraspecific variation, revealing the potential value of further research in this area and the possible utility of assemblage-level analysis to palm phytoliths in archæological assemblages. The methods are applied to archæological phytoliths from Watom Island, East New Britain, Papua New Guinea, and directions for further research outlined.
Keyword Areca catechu
Calamus aruensis
Cocos nucifera
Metroxylon sagu
Opal phytoliths
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Issue theme: Satellite remote sensing in archaeology: past, present and future perspectives

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
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