Respiratory irritants in Australian bushfire smoke: Air toxics sampling in a smoke chamber and during prescribed burns

De Vos, Annemarie J. B. M., Reisen, Fabienne, Cook, Angus, Devine, Brian and Weinstein, Philip (2009) Respiratory irritants in Australian bushfire smoke: Air toxics sampling in a smoke chamber and during prescribed burns. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 56 3: 380-388. doi:10.1007/s00244-008-9209-3


Author De Vos, Annemarie J. B. M.
Reisen, Fabienne
Cook, Angus
Devine, Brian
Weinstein, Philip
Title Respiratory irritants in Australian bushfire smoke: Air toxics sampling in a smoke chamber and during prescribed burns
Journal name Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0090-4341
1432-0703
Publication date 2009-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1007/s00244-008-9209-3
Volume 56
Issue 3
Start page 380
End page 388
Total pages 9
Place of publication Secaucus, NJ, United States
Publisher Springer New York
Language eng
Abstract Bushfire smoke contains an array of organic and inorganic compounds, including respirable and inspirable particles, aldehydes, and carbon monoxide. These compounds have been found to be a health hazard for firefighters in the United States. Despite the high frequency of bushfires in Australia, analyses of bushfire smoke components are scarce. As part of an occupational health study investigating the respiratory health effects of bushfire smoke in firefighters, air toxics sampling was undertaken in a smoke chamber and during prescribed burns. Levels of formaldehyde and acrolein were demonstrated at respectively 60% and 80% of the Short Term Exposure Limit in the smoke chamber. Carbon monoxide levels exceeded the peak limit of 400 ppm significantly. Although concentrations were lower during the prescribed burns, the study shows that Australian bushfire smoke contains air toxics of concern and provides justification for further research into the levels of air toxics measured at bushfires and the associated health impacts.
Keyword Firefighter Exposures
Carbon Monoxide
Fire Fighters
Health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: ERA 2012 Admin Only
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