A comparison of two prosthetic feet on the multi-joint and multi-plane kinetic gait compensations in individuals with a unilateral trans-tibial amputation

Underwood, Heather A., Tokuno, Craig D. and Eng, Janice J. (2004) A comparison of two prosthetic feet on the multi-joint and multi-plane kinetic gait compensations in individuals with a unilateral trans-tibial amputation. Clinical Biomechanics, 19 6: 609-616. doi:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.02.005


Author Underwood, Heather A.
Tokuno, Craig D.
Eng, Janice J.
Title A comparison of two prosthetic feet on the multi-joint and multi-plane kinetic gait compensations in individuals with a unilateral trans-tibial amputation
Journal name Clinical Biomechanics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0268-0033
1879-1271
Publication date 2004-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.02.005
Volume 19
Issue 6
Start page 609
End page 616
Total pages 8
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon
Language eng
Formatted abstract Objective: To determine the effects of two different prosthetic feet on the three-dimensional kinetic patterns of both the prosthetic and sound limbs during unilateral trans-tibial amputee gait.

Design:
Eleven individuals with a unilateral trans-tibial amputation participated in two walking sessions: once while using the conventional SAFE foot, the other while using the dynamic Flex foot.

Background: Despite the wide variation in the design of prosthetic feet, the benefits of these prostheses remain unclear.

Methods: During each test session, peak joint moments and powers in the sagittal, transverse and frontal planes were examined, as subjects walked at a comfortable speed.

Results: The majority of the kinetic differences that occurred due to the changing of prosthetic foot type were limited to ankle joint variables in the sagittal plane with greater peak moments and power during propulsion for the Flex foot compared to the SAFE foot. However, effects were also found at joints proximal to the prosthesis (e.g. knee) and differences were also found in the kinetics of the sound limb.

Conclusion: The dynamic Flex foot allowed subjects to rely more heavily on the prosthetic foot for propulsion and stability during walking with minimal compensations at the remaining joints.

Relevance: Determining the biomechanical differences between the conventional and dynamic prosthetic feet may advocate the use of one prosthetic foot type over another. This information, when used in conjunction with subjective preferences, may contribute to higher functioning and greater satisfaction for individuals with a lower limb amputation.
Keyword Trans-tibial amputation
Prosthetic foot
Gait
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement Studies Publications
 
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