Smooth muscle phenotypic modulation: role in atherogenesis

Campbell, Gordon R. and Chamley-Campbell, Julie H. (1981) Smooth muscle phenotypic modulation: role in atherogenesis. Medical Hypotheses, 7 6: 729-735. doi:10.1016/0306-9877(81)90084-0


Author Campbell, Gordon R.
Chamley-Campbell, Julie H.
Title Smooth muscle phenotypic modulation: role in atherogenesis
Journal name Medical Hypotheses   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0306-9877
1532-2777
Publication date 1981-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/0306-9877(81)90084-0
Volume 7
Issue 6
Start page 729
End page 735
Total pages 7
Place of publication Kidlington, United Kingdom
Publisher Churchill Livingstone
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Observations in vivo and in vitro demonstrate: smooth muscle cells are capable of more than one function and can alter their phenotype/state accordingly (modulation); in the majority of cases before a smooth muscle cell can divide it must modulate from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype; modulation is reversible; however, if synthetic state smooth muscle which has been stimulated to divide achieves approximately nine cell doublings before being inhibited by confluence it appears unable to return to the contractile state; smooth muscle cells in the synthetic state respond almost immediately to serum mitogens and have an altered ability to metabolize low density lipoprotein compared with those in the contractile state; diffuse intimal thickenings and intimal cushions at branch points form from the media apparently as a result of adaptation of the vessel wall to growth and development and are sites of predilection for the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. The 'smooth muscle metabolic reactivity' hypothesis of atherogenesis suggests that due to the large number of smooth muscle cell doublings which occur in the formation of diffuse intimal thickenings and intimal cushions at branch points a number of these cells are permanently in the synthetic state. This confers upon these cells a selective proliferative advantage and an altered ability to metabolize lipoproteins - both essential ingredients in atherogenesis.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
 
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