A review of technology transfer environments in the USA, Australia and Taiwan : the feasibility of technoloyg licensing in Taiwan's biotechnology industry

Shih, Yang-Chia Angela. (2005). A review of technology transfer environments in the USA, Australia and Taiwan : the feasibility of technoloyg licensing in Taiwan's biotechnology industry Professional Doctorate, School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Shih, Yang-Chia Angela.
Thesis Title A review of technology transfer environments in the USA, Australia and Taiwan : the feasibility of technoloyg licensing in Taiwan's biotechnology industry
School, Centre or Institute School of Molecular and Microbial Sciences
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2005
Thesis type Professional Doctorate
Supervisor Prof Ross Barnard
Dr Chi-Ming Liang
Total pages 331
Language eng
Subjects 109999 Technology not elsewhere classified
L
290000 Engineering and Technology
Formatted abstract Technology transfer has been recognized as a powerful method to increase industrial innovation and competitive advantages of nations in the knowledge-based economy of the 21st century. Although the USA has technology transfer experience for more than 20 years, many countries including Australia and Taiwan have started to promote technology transfer in recent years. Taiwan Government enacted the "The Science and Technology Basic Law" in 1999 to encourage technology transfer. However, whether technology transfer can be used to promote the development of Taiwan's key industries such as biotechnology industry as has been the experience in the USA remains uncertain.

The major purposes of this preliminary, exploratory study are to compare and contrast the environments of technology transfer in the USA, Australia and Taiwan; to strategically evaluate the feasibility of technology transfer in Taiwan's biotechnology industry and to propose strategies for technology transfer in Taiwan's biotechnology industry. In the study, eight dimensions of technology transfer were used to compare and contrast in the USA, Australia and Taiwan which include: (1) the completeness of legislation framework for technology transfer; (2) the maturity of technology transfer agents; (3) the incentive or reward system in technology transfer; (4) the intensity of the R&D capacity in academia; (5) the intensity of market demand in industry; (6) the sufficiency of intellectual property conception and management; (7) the strength of relationship between academia and industry; (8) the function of technology transfer mechanism. The results indicated that the USA has the most mature technology transfer environment, followed by Australia and then Taiwan.

Moreover, in order to identify the critical factors that may cause the failure or success of technology transfer in biotechnology field in Taiwan, two surveys were designed to examine 81 cases (48 successful cases and 33 failure cases) of biotechnology transfer in Taiwan Academia Sinica from year 1999 to 2003. The content of the surveys was based on the analysis results of case studies that come from in-depth interviews in the office of technology transfer in Taiwan Academia Sinica. 16 potential failure factors and 14 potential success factors of technology transfer were identified through the analysis of surveys. The results will help reveal the shortcomings and unique aspects of technology transfer in Taiwan. Although there are several barriers to technology transfer in Taiwan's biotechnology industry, it still has the potential to catalyze expansion of the biotechnology industry. The six strategies including a new mechanism for promoting technology transfer in Taiwan were also proposed in this study.
Keyword Biotechnology -- Technology transfer
Technology transfer -- Australia
Technology transfer -- Taiwan
Technology transfer -- United States

 
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