Anxiety and depression in adults in their eighties: Do gender differences remain?

Pachana, Nancy A., McLaughlin, Deirdre, Leung, Janni, Byrne, Gerard and Dobson, Annette (2012) Anxiety and depression in adults in their eighties: Do gender differences remain?. International Psychogeriatrics, 24 1: 145-150. doi:10.1017/S1041610211001372

Author Pachana, Nancy A.
McLaughlin, Deirdre
Leung, Janni
Byrne, Gerard
Dobson, Annette
Title Anxiety and depression in adults in their eighties: Do gender differences remain?
Journal name International Psychogeriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1041-6102
Publication date 2012-01
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S1041610211001372
Volume 24
Issue 1
Start page 145
End page 150
Total pages 6
Place of publication Cambridge, U.K.
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Women report higher rates of depression and anxiety than men; however, it is uncertain whether this gender difference continues into advanced old age.

Methods: 78 men and 111 women aged 82–87 years from the Men, Women and Ageing Project completed measures of anxiety (Geriatric Anxiety Inventory), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire; PHQ9), general psychological well-being (Mental Health subscale of SF-36), general health (general health item of SF-36) and cognitive status (Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status; TICS).

Results: Results revealed no significant gender differences on any of the psychological measures, after controlling for cognitive status, general health and education.

Conclusion: These results support the proposition that the female predominance in psychological distress diminishes with increasing age. The congruence between men and women may reflect changes in identity associated with age or the effect of decreased emotional valence of some social roles.
Keyword Mood disorders
Sex differences
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published online: 22 July 2011

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Medicine Publications
School of Psychology Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 13 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 23 Aug 2011, 09:05:18 EST by Sheila Cleary on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital