Fundamental movement skills and self-concept of children who are overweight

Poulsen, Anne A., Desha, Laura, Ziviani, Jenny, Griffiths, Lisa, Heaslop, Annabel, Khan, Asad and Leong, Gary M. (2011) Fundamental movement skills and self-concept of children who are overweight. International Journal of Pediatric Obesity, 6 2-2: e464.1-e471.8. doi:10.3109/17477166.2011.575143

Author Poulsen, Anne A.
Desha, Laura
Ziviani, Jenny
Griffiths, Lisa
Heaslop, Annabel
Khan, Asad
Leong, Gary M.
Title Fundamental movement skills and self-concept of children who are overweight
Journal name International Journal of Pediatric Obesity   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1747-7166
Publication date 2011-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/17477166.2011.575143
Volume 6
Issue 2-2
Start page e464.1
End page e471.8
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: Differences in fundamental movement skills and self-perceptions of physical ability and physical appearance of overweight and non-overweight children were investigated.

Method: Overweight (n = 89, mean age = 8.75 ± 1.4 years, BMI z-score = 2.22, SD = 0.46, 46% male) and non-overweight (n = 27, mean age = 8.25 ± 1.5 years, BMI z-score = 0.03, SD = 0.73, 62.1% male) participants enrolled in the KOALA (Kinder Overweight Activity Lifestyle Actions) project were included. The overall objective of the KOALA project was to determine in a randomized controlled trial the effect of a Triple P (Positive Parenting Program), and a family ‘Eat Well Be Active’ Scouts Camp program on BMI in overweight children. Baseline between-group differences on measures of fundamental movement skills and self-concept perceptions were analyzed using independent samples t-tests. Relationships between BMI and these variables were investigated with multiple linear regression.

Results: Overweight children had lower scores on Bruninks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Performance-2 subtests (Bilateral Coordination, Upper Limb Coordination, Strength, Balance, and Running Speed and Agility), and Physical abilities self-concept than non-overweight children.

Conclusions: Children who were overweight had significant fundamental movement skill difficulties, as well as having poorer Physical abilities self-concept perceptions compared to non-overweight children. The association between increasing BMI and poor performance of gross motor tasks has potential implications for physical activity participation. Future research is needed to determine if fundamental movement skill difficulties and low physical ability self-concept are predisposing factors for children who are overweight or associated outcomes.
Keyword BMI
Motor performance
Physical ability
Developmental coordination disorder
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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