Crop responses to sulfonylurea residues in soils of the subtropical grain region of Australia

Walker, S.R., Barnes, J.E., Osten, V.A., Churchett, J.D. and McCosker, M. (2000) Crop responses to sulfonylurea residues in soils of the subtropical grain region of Australia. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 51 5: 587-596. doi:10.1071/AR99040


Author Walker, S.R.
Barnes, J.E.
Osten, V.A.
Churchett, J.D.
McCosker, M.
Title Crop responses to sulfonylurea residues in soils of the subtropical grain region of Australia
Journal name Australian Journal of Agricultural Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0004-9409
1444-9838
Publication date 2000
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1071/AR99040
Volume 51
Issue 5
Start page 587
End page 596
Total pages 10
Place of publication Collingwood, VIC, Australia
Publisher C S I R O Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Crop response following applications of sulfonylurea herbicides can vary considerably across the grain region of subtropical Australia. The aim of the study was to develop recommendations for safe re-cropping following chlorsulfuron, triasulfuron, and metsulfuron-methyl specific for the different soils and climates of this region. Seedling dry matter (SDM) and grain yield were measured at 17 sites over 4 seasons. Soils were ferrosols (pH 5.5-6.8), sodosols (pH 6.6-7.1), and vertosols (pH 7.8-9.0). Sorghum and sunflower were sown at plant-backs between 2 and 20 months, and chickpea at 10-13 months, after applications of sulfonylurea herbicides. Seedling response of the summer crops to these herbicides was substantially different for the 3 soils. Crop response in the ferrosols was largely unaffected by plant-back, soil, or climatic factors after a minimum of 2-3 months. In contrast, response of summer crops in the vertosols and sodosols was strongly affected by plant-backs for up to 10 months, and SDM was more affected in sodosols than in vertosols. Predictive relationships between SDM and plant-back, cumulative temperature, and measured chlorsulfuron residues were developed for sowing summer crops in these soils. In ferrosols and vertosols, chickpea was unaffected by any treatment following plant-back of 10-12 months. These findings indicate that shorter re-cropping is possible in this region than currently recommended. However, the decision should be based not only on plant-back, but on soil type, cumulative temperature, and possibly even residue level in soil. These more specific recommendations will improve the safety and flexibility of re-cropping following applications of sulfonylurea herbicides in this region.
Keyword Sorghum
Sunflower
Chickpea
Chlorsulfuron
Metsulfuron-methyl
Triasulfuron
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
 
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