Personality traits and relationship perceptions in coach-athlete dyads: Do opposites really attract?

Jackson, Ben, Dimmock, James A., Gucciardi, Daniel F. and Grove, J. Robert (2011) Personality traits and relationship perceptions in coach-athlete dyads: Do opposites really attract?. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12 3: 222-230. doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.11.005

Author Jackson, Ben
Dimmock, James A.
Gucciardi, Daniel F.
Grove, J. Robert
Title Personality traits and relationship perceptions in coach-athlete dyads: Do opposites really attract?
Journal name Psychology of Sport and Exercise   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1469-0292
Publication date 2011-06
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.psychsport.2010.11.005
Volume 12
Issue 3
Start page 222
End page 230
Total pages 9
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives: The resurgence in mainstream personality research over recent decades has provided substantive insight into the way in which dyad members’ traits shape their relational experiences. Surprisingly, researchers are yet to examine these issues within coach–athlete contexts, and the present study sought to explore how Big Five traits predicted relationship commitment and relatedness (i.e., closeness, trust) for members of established coach–athlete dyads.
Methods: Ninety one athletes (Mage = 20.76, SD = 3.55) and their coaches (n = 91, Mage = 37.33, SD = 10.17) reported their own Big Five as well as their relationship commitment and relatedness perceptions. Analyses were conducted using actor–partner interdependence models due to the nonindependence in coach and athlete data.
Results: Accounting for demographic variables, analyses revealed that individuals’ relationship perceptions were underpinned by their own and their partners’ traits, as well as the extent to which their respective traits were concordant. In particular, greater dissimilarity between partners’ extraversion and openness was associated with reduced commitment and relatedness for coaches and athletes. Positive actor effects emerged for commitment (i.e., agreeableness, conscientiousness, extraversion) and relatedness (i.e., agreeableness, extraversion), and partner effects revealed that dyad members reported favorable outcomes when their partner was highly conscientious and/or agreeable. The potential moderating effect of one’s role in the dyad was also examined.
Conclusions: Consistent with mainstream relationship settings, the Big Five model may provide important insight into dyadic functioning in coach–athlete contexts.
Keyword Actor-partner interdependence model
Big Five
Partner similarity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 3 December 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Sun, 24 Jul 2011, 13:34:30 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences