Australian birds in a changing landscape: 220 years of European colonisation

Martin, Tara G., Catterall, Carla P., Manning, Adrian D. and Szabo, Judit K. (2012). Australian birds in a changing landscape: 220 years of European colonisation. In Robert J. Fuller (Ed.), Birds and habitat: relationships in changing landscapes (pp. 453-480) Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

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Author Martin, Tara G.
Catterall, Carla P.
Manning, Adrian D.
Szabo, Judit K.
Title of chapter Australian birds in a changing landscape: 220 years of European colonisation
Title of book Birds and habitat: relationships in changing landscapes
Place of Publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Publication Year 2012
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Series Ecological Reviews
ISBN 9780521722339
9780521897563
Editor Robert J. Fuller
Chapter number 18
Start page 453
End page 480
Total pages 28
Total chapters 20
Collection year 2013
Language eng
Abstract/Summary European colonisation of the Australian continent has caused immense changes in birds and their habitats during a timespan of just 220 years. A diverse and unique range of ecosystems and avifaunas is today in a state of flux as some species manage to exploit new and modified environments, while others fail to adapt, decline in abundance and become regionally uncommon or extinct (Barnard, 1925; Barnard, 1934; Blakers et al., 1984; Saunders and Curry, 1990; Recher, 1999; Barrett et al., 2003). In this chapter we consider the history of human occupation and scale of landscape change in Australia, the distinctively evolved life-history characteristics and habitat relationships of Australian birds, the type of contemporary landscape variation within Australia, and the nature of bird species and community responses to landscape change. This chapter is by no means an exhaustive review of the bird ecology literature in Australia, but rather provides an insight into the major landscape changes throughout Australia as a result of European colonisation, with a focus primarily on its impact on terrestrial birds. We examine potential reasons for differences and similarities in avifaunal responses to landscape change between Australia and Europe. We also highlight recent approaches to developing unifying conceptual frameworks for the complex range of species’ responses to landscape change within Australia, and outline their broad relevance to guiding efforts to conserve and restore bird populations and their habitats in Europe and elsewhere.
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Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

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Created: Tue, 19 Jul 2011, 13:22:17 EST by Ms Ramona Hooyer on behalf of School of Biological Sciences