Immunohistochemical localization of prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 and 2 in sheep placenta after glucocorticoid-induced and spontaneous labour

McLaren, W. J., Young, I. R. and Rice, G. E. (2000) Immunohistochemical localization of prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 and 2 in sheep placenta after glucocorticoid-induced and spontaneous labour. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 120 1: 33-39. doi:10.1530/reprod/120.1.33


Author McLaren, W. J.
Young, I. R.
Rice, G. E.
Title Immunohistochemical localization of prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 and 2 in sheep placenta after glucocorticoid-induced and spontaneous labour
Journal name Journal of Reproduction and Fertility   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0022-4251
Publication date 2000-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1530/reprod/120.1.33
Volume 120
Issue 1
Start page 33
End page 39
Total pages 7
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Society for Reproduction and Fertility
Language eng
Abstract Enhanced prostaglandin production and release by the placenta is an essential element in the normal transition to labour in many animal species. In sheep, expression of prostaglandin G/H synthase (PGHS) is the central enzyme regulating this process. In this study immunohistochemistry was used to examine the distribution of cells expressing PGHS-1 and PGHS-2 in ovine placenta in association with spontaneous parturition (n = 6) and glucocorticoid-induced labour (n = 5). Labour was induced in ewes after the intrafetal injection of betamethasone on day 131 of gestation. Animals administered an intrafetal injection of isotonic saline (n = 5) acted as non-labour controls. In placentomes collected from all groups, immunoreactive PGHS-1 was present in the mononuclear trophoblast cells of the fetal placenta. Cells in the maternal mesenchyme and epithelial syncytium were weakly immunopositive for this enzyme. PGHS-1 immunoreactivity was also demonstrated in the endothelial cells of the chorionic vessels. The PGHS-2 isozyme was localized exclusively to the trophoblast epithelial cells. Immunoreactive PGHS-2 was not detectable in the maternal epithelial syncytium or the stroma of the cotyledons. The binucleate cells of the fetal placenta were consistently immunonegative for both PGHS isozymes. These results indicate that the cellular localization of PGHS-1 and PGHS-2 in ovine placenta does not change during the last 15 days of pregnancy. Co-localization of these isozymes indicates that the source of arachidonic acid and the site of prostanoid formation are the same. Quantitation of the percentage area of positive staining for PGHS-1 and PGHS-2 using image analysis software demonstrated a significant increase in PGHS-2 in the fetal trophoblast after glucocorticoid-induced labour and spontaneous parturition. This finding indicates that increased formation of the PGHS-2 isozyme is responsible for the large increase in prostaglandin production by the ovine placenta at term labour.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
 
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