Antiinflammatory effects of the cyclopentenone isoprostane 15-A(2)-IsoP in human gestational tissues

Lappas, Martha, Permezel, Michael, Holdsworth, Sarah J., Zanoni, Guiseppe, Porta, Alessio and Rice, Greg E. (2007) Antiinflammatory effects of the cyclopentenone isoprostane 15-A(2)-IsoP in human gestational tissues. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 42 12: 1791-1796. doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.03.009


Author Lappas, Martha
Permezel, Michael
Holdsworth, Sarah J.
Zanoni, Guiseppe
Porta, Alessio
Rice, Greg E.
Title Antiinflammatory effects of the cyclopentenone isoprostane 15-A(2)-IsoP in human gestational tissues
Formatted title
Antiinflammatory effects of the cyclopentenone isoprostane 15-A2-IsoP in human gestational tissues
Journal name Free Radical Biology and Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0891-5849
1873-4596
Publication date 2007-06
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2007.03.009
Volume 42
Issue 12
Start page 1791
End page 1796
Total pages 6
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Proinflammatory prostaglandins and cytokines are involved in the initiation of human labor and delivery. Although cyclopentenone prostaglandins regulate the formation of these prolabor mediators via nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and/or peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ, recent evidence suggests that they do not exist in vivo. Cyclopentenone isoprostanes (IsoPs), which are highly reactive structural isomers of bioactive cyclopentenone prostaglandins, do exist physiologically and have been shown to inhibit the inflammatory response in macrophages. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the effect of the synthetic cyclopentenone IosP 15-A2-IsoP on the expression of prolabor mediators in human gestational tissues. Human placenta and gestational membranes (n = 5) were incubated in the absence or presence of 12.5, 25, and 50 μM 15-A2-IsoP with 10 μg/ml lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Treatment of placenta and fetal membranes with 15-A2-IsoP caused a dose-dependent decrease in LPS-stimulated release of the cytokines IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α and the prostaglandins PGE2 and PGF. NF-κB p65 DNA binding activity was significantly inhibited by treatment with 50 μM 15-A2-IsoP. Collectively, these data suggest that 15-A2-IsoP exhibits antiinflammatory properties via antagonism of NF-κB activity. Cyclopentenone IsoPs may serve as negative feedback regulators of the inflammatory response in human gestational tissues.
Keyword Isoprostanes
Cytokines
Prostaglandins
Inflammation
NF-kappa B
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
 
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