Appendix C - Assessing extent of activity limitation resulting from impairment
Tweedy, S.M. (2009). Appendix C - Assessing extent of activity limitation resulting from impairment. In Sean Tweedy and J. Bourke (Ed.), IPC Athletics Classification Project for Physical Impairments: Final Report (pp. 75-77) Bonn: IPC Athletics.
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The purpose of a Paralympic Sport classification system is to minimize the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition, so that the athletes who succeed in competition are those with best, anthropometry, physiology and psychology and who have enhanced them to best effect (training hard, quality coaching). In order to achieve this purpose, the concept of sport classes aims to classify athletes according to the extent of activity limitation resulting from the impairment. In other words, place athletes into classes according to how much their impairment affects core determinants of sport proficiency or how much their impairment impacts on performance. Ideally the methods used to assess and classify impairments should be reliable and be based on research indicating how much impairments of varying type, location and severity impact on the core activities of the sport (i.e. Athletics : running, jumping, throwing and wheelchair pushing). This ideal approach is called an evidence-based system of classification and is defined by two main components: - the system has a clearly stated purpose (to promote participation in sport by people with disabilities by minimising the impact of impairment on the outcome of competition); and - empirical evidence indicates that the methods used for assigning class will achieve the stated purpose (objective, reliable methods for measuring both of the core constructs – impairment and activity limitation).