Fundoplication in preterm infants with gastroesophageal reflux

Justo, R. N. and Gray, P. H. (1991) Fundoplication in preterm infants with gastroesophageal reflux. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 27 4: 250-254. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.1991.tb00402.x

Author Justo, R. N.
Gray, P. H.
Title Fundoplication in preterm infants with gastroesophageal reflux
Journal name Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1034-4810
Publication date 1991-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1440-1754.1991.tb00402.x
Volume 27
Issue 4
Start page 250
End page 254
Total pages 5
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Abstract Gastro-oesophageal reflux in preterm infants may result in recurrent pulmonary insult due to aspiration of gastric contents, and intractable obstructive apnoea. Fundoplication is effective in controlling reflux when medical management has failed. Our experience between 1981 and 1990 was reviewed to assess the efficacy of early surgery in the management of 11 such infants. The infants had a median gestational age of 29 weeks and a median birthweight of 1032 g. Nine infants had fundoplication for recurrent aspiration pneumonitis and two for intractable apnoea. The median age at the time of surgery was 100 days and the median weight of the infants was 2640 g. Nine infants were oxygen dependent and two were still ventilated at the time of surgery. The operative procedure was well tolerated by 10 of the 11 infants. Surgery failed to control reflux in two infants, although good control was obtained in the one who had subsequent surgery. Three infants required prolonged ventilation postoperatively; two of them died later from pulmonary failure. The median time to discharge was 24 days (8-118 days). All infants with intractable apnoea were cured by surgery. Fundoplication is an effective method of management when used early in the treatment of chronic gastro-oesophageal reflux in preterm infants. There is minimal morbidity from the surgical procedure.
Keyword Bronchopulmonary ysplasia
Gastroesophageal reflux
Preterm infants
Gastroesophageal reflux
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Esophageal reflux
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 7 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 29 Jun 2011, 11:41:07 EST by System User on behalf of Paediatrics & Child Health - Mater Hospital