Roman Imperialism in Germania: From Caesar to Domitian

Mark Ruge (2010). Roman Imperialism in Germania: From Caesar to Domitian MPhil Thesis, School of History, Philosophy, Religion & Classics, The University of Queensland.

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Author Mark Ruge
Thesis Title Roman Imperialism in Germania: From Caesar to Domitian
School, Centre or Institute School of History, Philosophy, Religion & Classics
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-11
Thesis type MPhil Thesis
Supervisor Dr. Tom Stevenson
Dr. Janette McWilliam
Total pages 129
Total colour pages 14
Total black and white pages 115
Subjects 21 History and Archaeology
Abstract/Summary This thesis will analyse Roman imperial policy in Germania from Caesar to Domitian. It will be argued that Caesar’s demarcation of the river Rhine established a future ‘German policy’,which was mostly defensive, but always flexible. Augustus, for instance, showed signs of limitedterritorial ambition, and imperial policy did not preclude the possibility of occupation of territory on the right bank of the Rhine. However, the incorporation of territory only seems to have occurred where it was deemed feasible. The gradual penetration of territory on the right bank of the Rhine and establishment of a Roman foothold there was designed to create a provincia Germania and ensure the protection of Roman Gaul. The integration of the Germans into the Roman Empire was cut short by the tactless behaviour of P. Quinctilius Varus. His hastiness in establishing provincial structures and administrative abuses, as well as the personal and political ambitions of Arminius, Tacitus’ ‘liberator of Germania’, culminated in the end of the Roman presence in Germania. Varus’ failure to recognise the stress caused by transformation from native society to Roman province ultimately culminated in a massive intelligence failure, which led to the destruction of three legions in the Teutoburg Forest in AD 9. Tiberius’ cessation of military engagements beyond the Rhine was a result of inherited difficulties after the death of Augustus in AD 14. In spite of expansionist propaganda, he took the decision to end military occupation beyond the Rhine due to military, strategic, logistical and political considerations. However, this did not mark the end of Roman military engagements in Germania. Rome sought to exert her influence as a power player in German politics through the use of direct and indirect military action. The Roman decision to surrender Germania beyond the Rhine was given effect in stages through Claudius’ construction of stone military bases and Vespasian’s shortening of borders between the Rhine and the Danube. Domitian’s creation of Germania Inferior, Germania Superior and the Limes as a protective barrier between the Roman and German worlds marked the end of Roman claims on Germania beyond the Rhine.
Keyword Imperialism, Caesar, Augustus, Varus, Arminius, Provincia Germaniae
Additional Notes Pages in colour: 33, 35, 37, 47, 53, 59, 66, 67, 70, 71, 102, 108, 115, 116.

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Created: Sat, 11 Jun 2011, 21:07:26 EST by Mr Mark Ruge on behalf of Library - Information Access Service