Prevalence of osteoporosis in Australian women - Geelong Osteoporosis study

Henry, Margaret J., Pasco, Julie A., Nicholson, Geoffrey C., Seeman, Ego and Kotowicz, Mark A. (2000) Prevalence of osteoporosis in Australian women - Geelong Osteoporosis study. Journal of Clinical Densitometry, 3 3: 261-268. doi:10.1385/JCD:3:3:261

Author Henry, Margaret J.
Pasco, Julie A.
Nicholson, Geoffrey C.
Seeman, Ego
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Title Prevalence of osteoporosis in Australian women - Geelong Osteoporosis study
Journal name Journal of Clinical Densitometry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1094-6950
Publication date 2000-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1385/JCD:3:3:261
Volume 3
Issue 3
Start page 261
End page 268
Total pages 8
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Language eng
Formatted abstract
To evaluate the prevalence of osteoporosis at various sites among Australian women, cross-sectional bone mineral density (BMD) data for adult females was obtained from an age-stratified population-based sample (n = 1494; 20-94 yr) drawn at random from the Barwon Statistical Division, a population characteristic of Australia. Age- and weight- (and for three sites, height) matched reference ranges for BMD at the lumbar spine, proximal femur, forearm, and total body were developed using regression techniques. The cutoff BMD level for osteoporosis at the PA spine was 0.917 g/cm2 and 0.713 g/cm2 at the femoral neck according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. The upper cutoff level for osteopenia was 1.128 g/cm2 at the PA spine and 0.913 g/cm2 for the femoral neck. The proportion of Australian women categorized as having osteoporosis at the PA spine, femoral neck, or midforearm ranged from 0.9% among those aged 40-44 yr to 87.0% for those older than 79 yr. This study provides reference data representative of the Australian female population. A large proportion of elderly Australian women has osteoporosis according to the WHO guidelines.
Keyword Bone mineral density
Dual X-ray absorptiometry
Reference ranges
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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