Socioeconomic status and risk factors for obesity and metabolic disorders in a population-based sample of adult females

Nicholson, Geoffrey C. and Kotowicz, Mark A. (2009) Socioeconomic status and risk factors for obesity and metabolic disorders in a population-based sample of adult females. Preventive Medicine, 49 2-3: 165-171. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.06.021


Author Nicholson, Geoffrey C.
Kotowicz, Mark A.
Title Socioeconomic status and risk factors for obesity and metabolic disorders in a population-based sample of adult females
Journal name Preventive Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0091-7435
1096-0260
Publication date 2009-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.06.021
Volume 49
Issue 2-3
Start page 165
End page 171
Total pages 7
Place of publication Maryland Heights, MO, United States
Publisher Academic Press
Language eng
Abstract Objectives: The association between lower socioeconomic status (SES), obesity, lifestyle choices and adverse health consequences are well documented, however to date the relationship between these variables and area-based SES (equivalised for advantage and disadvantage) has not been examined simultaneously in one population or with more than tertiary divisions of SES. We set out to examine the risk factors for obesity and metabolic disorders in the same population across quintiles of area-based SES. Methods: We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study using existing data from a population-based random selection of women aged 20-92 years (n = 1110) recruited from the Barwon Statistical Division, South Eastern Australia. Results: All measures of adiposity were inversely associated with SES, and remained significant after adjusting for age. Lifestyle choices associated with adiposity and poorer health, including smoking, larger serving sizes of foods, and reduced physical activity, were significantly associated with individuals from lower SES groups. Conclusions: Greater measures of adiposity and less healthy lifestyle choices were observed in individuals from lower SES. Significant differences in body composition were identified between quintiles 1 and 5, whereas subjects in the mid quintiles had relatively similar measures. The inverse relationship between SES, obesity and less healthy lifestyle underscores the possibility that these associations may be causal and should be investigated further.
Keyword Australia
Body composition
Socio economic inequalities
Lifestyles
Medicine
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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