Similarity effects in masked priming of action words

Sullivan, Megan (2010). Similarity effects in masked priming of action words Honours Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

       
Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
MeganSullivanPSYC4071Thesis2010.pdf Copy of Megan Sullivan's BPsySc Honours Thesis application/pdf 692.76KB 0
Author Sullivan, Megan
Thesis Title Similarity effects in masked priming of action words
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-01-01
Thesis type Honours Thesis
Supervisor De Zubicaray, Greig I.
Total pages 75
Abstract/Summary Embodied semantics proposes that mental simulation of an action word plays an integral role in the comprehension of an action word. A strong prediction made by embodied semantics is that effector-specific activation (which occurs in action execution and observation) should occur during comprehension of effector-related action words. Hard versions of embodied semantics predict that effector-specific activation should occur automatically, whereas soft versions predict that effector-specific activation should occur when attention is directed to action features. A masked paradigm was adopted to access semantic processing while avoiding confounds associated with conscious attention. In the present study, 35 participants completed a masked priming study, where target words represented hand-related verbs and the relationship between the prime and target was manipulated across three levels. There were semantically related category-congruent primes (hand-related verbs), semantically unrelated category-congruent primes (leg-related verbs) and other semantically unrelated primes (colour words or vocal action words). The depth of feature processing was also manipulated, with a low depth of processing condition to test the hard version of embodied semantics (colour categorisation task), and a high depth of processing condition to test the soft version of embodied semantics (vocal action categorisation task). Results showed no significant differences in priming between semantically related category-congruent prime words (handrelated verbs) and semantically unrelated category-congruent prime words (leg-related verbs) for either categorisation task. These results indicated that effector-specific activation did not occur automatically or when attention was directed to action features, and contradicted both hard and soft versions of embodied semantics. Participants also completed a questionnaire to obtain normative data on the imageability and familiarity the prime words.

 
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 06 Apr 2011, 22:43:06 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Psychology