Gender differences in the impact of families on alcohol use: A lagged longitudinal study of early adolescents

Kelly, Adrian B., O'Flaherty, Martin, Toumbourou, John W., Connor, Jason P., Hemphill, Sheryl A. and Catalano, Richard F. (2011) Gender differences in the impact of families on alcohol use: A lagged longitudinal study of early adolescents. Addiction, 106 8: 1427-1436. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03435.x

Author Kelly, Adrian B.
O'Flaherty, Martin
Toumbourou, John W.
Connor, Jason P.
Hemphill, Sheryl A.
Catalano, Richard F.
Title Gender differences in the impact of families on alcohol use: A lagged longitudinal study of early adolescents
Journal name Addiction   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0965-2140
Publication date 2011-08
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2011.03435.x
Volume 106
Issue 8
Start page 1427
End page 1436
Total pages 10
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aims From the pre-teen to the mid-teen years, rates of alcohol use and misuse increase rapidly. Cross-sectional research shows that positive family emotional climate (low conflict, high closeness) is protective, and there is emerging evidence that these protective mechanisms are different for girls versus boys. The aim of this study was to explore gender differences in the longitudinal impact of family emotional climate on adolescent alcohol use and exposure to peer drinking networks.
Design Three-wave two-level (individual, within-individual over time) ordinal logistic regression with alcohol use in the past year as the dependent measure and family variables lagged by 1 year.
Setting Adolescents completed surveys during school hours.
Participants A total of 855 Australian students (modal age 10-11 years at baseline) participating in the International Youth Development Study (Victoria, Australia).
Measurements These included emotional closeness to mother/father, family conflict, parent disapproval of alcohol use and peer alcohol use.
Findings For girls, the effect of emotional closeness to mothers on alcohol use was mediated by exposure to high-risk peer networks. Parent disapproval of alcohol use was protective for both genders, but this effect was larger for boys versus girls, and there was no evidence that peer use mediated this effect. Peer drinking networks showed stronger direct risk effects than family variables.
Conclusions Family factors unidirectionally impact on growth in adolescent alcohol use and effects vary with child gender.
© 2011 The Authors, Addiction © 2011 Society for the Study of Addiction.
Keyword Adolescent
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 38 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 40 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Mon, 04 Apr 2011, 10:05:54 EST by Sheila Cleary on behalf of Psychiatry - Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital