Exploring the role of community participation on solid waste management in Vietnam

Minh Hieu Duong (2010). Exploring the role of community participation on solid waste management in Vietnam PhD Thesis, School of Integrative Systems, The University of Queensland.

Attached Files (Some files may be inaccessible until you login with your UQ eSpace credentials)
Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
s4111184_PhD_finalabstract.pdf Final thesis application/pdf 14.27KB 8
s4111184_PhD_finalthesis.pdf Final abstract application/pdf 2.69MB 35
Author Minh Hieu Duong
Thesis Title Exploring the role of community participation on solid waste management in Vietnam
School, Centre or Institute School of Integrative Systems
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-03
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Dr Donald Cameron
Dr Christine King
Dr Iean Russell
Total pages 286
Total colour pages 25
Total black and white pages 261
Subjects 05 Environmental Sciences
Abstract/Summary The problems associated with solid waste management tend to increase with economic growth. This is especially the case in developing countries. Vietnam, a country in a transition economy, is no exception and solid waste management (SWM) has become an increasingly emergent problem in the two decades since the Renovation Policy was launched. Under this policy, the nation has undergone remarkable changes in its economy, politics and social structure. In the cities, solid waste has been managed at the level of municipalities. However, due to limited resources, a rapidly increasing population, and rapid processes of urbanization and industrialization, suburban municipalities have been struggling to manage their solid waste effectively. Although population pressures are less extreme in rural areas, there also tends to be less organized waste management services being provided in these areas. This has resulted in growing numbers of illegal and uncontrolled dumping sites with the associated problems of significant environmental degradation and contamination. This research aims to explore the role of community in SWM by reviewing the existing SWM in suburban and rural areas where waste management services have been constrained or are nonexistent and local people have been struggling to solve their local waste problems. Given the central purpose of this thesis was to develop a better understanding of the structure of SWM systems for managing domestic waste in both suburban and rural areas, the perceptions of different stakeholders are investigated together with field observation. Solutions for greater community’s involvement in SWM are recommended for better system performance. This study adopts an action research approach, which is applied through the examination of two case studies. Given the nature of this research, three different theories are employed. These theories include Grounded Theory, Soft Systems Methodology, and Boundary Critique applied in the form of Critical Systems Heuristics. The methods for primary data collection in this study include interviews, open discussions, focus group discussions, and a series of workshops with a wide range of participants. Through the comprehensive application of different methods and theories, this study enriches and extends the limited information on SWM in Vietnam. It also contributes to providing an in-depth understanding of system performance in suburban and rural contexts. The rich pictures that are developed of these suburban and rural contexts provide an overall view of the typical SWM situations from a whole of system perspective and are used to examine how these systems currently exist within the broader social system. If the existing problems of solid waste in Vietnam are highlighted by high volume of waste, low amount of waste being processed and unsustainable methods of waste disposal, the suburban and rural study areas have similar situation, however due to typical local condition, these areas also have their particular problems. For example suburban case study faces with limited strategic planning, interruption to or loss of interest by newly elected decision makers, while rural case study challenges with lacking of skill for managing solid waste or limited power in decision making on SWM in particular and environmental management in general. Feasible solutions for the individual case studies are developed as a means of providing practical solutions for implementation. The solutions contain a number of mimimum activities which desire from making the comparison between the real world (i.e. existing system performance) and the ideal world (i.e. what the ideal system aims to achieve). The different levels of community participation that are recommended in this thesis will contribute to a range of positive impacts on the performance of SWM systems. Community participation level recommending for suburban case is partnership on Choguill’s ladder which could be addressed by enhancing consultation, meetings and greater involvement of community members in planning and decision-making process. In terms of rural case, it was suggested that partnership or eventually empowerment is more appropriate community approach in this case. Moreover, the application of a number of different theories in the context of this research has been effective in overcoming the limitations of applying singular theoretical approaches of a highly complex issue. This has opened up new possibilities for addressing better SWM system performance in Vietnamese context. By employing action research, the biases of the researcher by doing qualitative research and playing as the primary instrument for data collection have been minimized. Different methods for collecting data has reduced the potential impact of “herd debate” (Yinghong 2007) and dependence on the participant’s knowledge, experiences and personality of applying SSM in this research. The thesis is presented in seven chapters. Chapter 1 focuses on identifying the overarching research problem and a series of research questions. Chapter 2 provides a review of solid waste management and community participation. The methodology for conducting this research is justified and explained in Chapter 3. Information regarding SWM in the two case study areas is revealed in Chapter 4. Chapter 5 provides descriptive findings from the two case study areas based on the analysis of primary data collected during the fieldwork and the available secondary data. Potential approaches to SWM in suburban and rural areas in Vietnam are explored in Chapter 6 through further analysis of the findings and by generating a number of recommendations for particular aspects. Chapter 7 summarizes the conclusions and major contributions of this thesis.
Keyword Solid waste management
Community participation
Additional Notes 21, 27, 57, 87, 88, 93, 96, 101, 112, 115, 116, 123, 124, 130, 135, 141, 230, 241, 250, 252, 254, 255, 257, 268, 269

Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 29 Mar 2011, 21:26:33 EST by Ms Hieu Duong on behalf of Library - Information Access Service