Adolescent Depression: The Effectiveness of Interpersonal Treatments

Gabrielle O'shea (2011). Adolescent Depression: The Effectiveness of Interpersonal Treatments PhD Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Gabrielle O'shea
Thesis Title Adolescent Depression: The Effectiveness of Interpersonal Treatments
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2011-03
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Donovan, Caroline
Spence, Susan H.
Total pages 350
Total colour pages 11
Total black and white pages 339
Subjects 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Abstract/Summary Adolescent depression is a highly prevalent disorder that is associated wih disruption to family and peer relationships and significant functional impairment. It is chronic and recurrent and has been linked with illicit drug use, suicidal behavours and suicide. IPT-A has been established as an effective treatment for adolescent depression. However, to date there has been little process research into IPT-A. Study One attempted to address this by examining the theoretical underpinnings of IPT-A. It compared a matched sample of 31 depressed adolescents to 31 non-depressed adolescents on a range of constructs considered to be important in the theory and practice of IPT-A, namely, attachment style, communication factors, social factors, and negative life events. It was hypothesized that compared to non-depressed adolescents, depressed adolescents would demonstrate less secure attachment and more insecure attachment, more problematic social and family issues, and more negative life events. The results of Study One provided support for these hypotheses. Study Two examined the efficacy of a 12-week treatment program for depression in adolescents using IPT-A delivered in group and individual formats. The aim was to evaluate both formats to determine whether they were associated with reductions in depressive symptoms and improvements in the interpersonal constructs found in Study One to be associated with depression. Thirty-nine depressed adolescents aged between 13 and 19 years (6 male and 33 female) participated in this study. The results of Study Two demonstrated that IPT-A in both formats is associated with improvements in depression and in the interpersonal variables that IPT-A addresses in therapy. Furthermore, many of these effects endured over the 12-month follow-up period.
Keyword adolescent depression
interpersonal psychotherapy for adolescents (IPT-A)
attachment
communication
social factors
treatment outcome
Additional Notes 256-257,259-260, 313-318, 333

 
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Created: Sun, 27 Mar 2011, 15:43:12 EST by Ms Gabrielle O'shea on behalf of Library - Information Access Service