The advocacy states: Their normative role before and after the U.S. call for nuclear zero

Hanson, Marianne (2010) The advocacy states: Their normative role before and after the U.S. call for nuclear zero. The Nonproliferation Review, 17 1: 71-93. doi:10.1080/10736700903484678

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Author Hanson, Marianne
Title The advocacy states: Their normative role before and after the U.S. call for nuclear zero
Journal name The Nonproliferation Review   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1073-6700
Publication date 2010-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/10736700903484678
Open Access Status
Volume 17
Issue 1
Start page 71
End page 93
Total pages 23
Place of publication Oxon, United Kingdom
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
While the current momentum for the elimination of nuclear weapons can be traced in part to the highly influential 2007 and 2008 Wall Street Journal opinion articles by George Shultz, William Perry, Henry Kissinger, and Sam Nunn, a more accurate picture of this momentum must take into account the role played by what are called here the “advocacy states.” Motivated by a combination of humanitarian and strategic concerns, and mindful of the dangers of deterrence as well as proliferation, accidental use, and terrorist acquisition of nuclear material, these states have, for the past fifteen years, mounted a steady and repeated call for nuclear disarmament. Their activities have taken two main forms: the preparation of various state-sponsored reports investigating the utility and attendant dangers of nuclear weapons and making a strong case for nuclear disarmament; and the formation of like-minded groupings of states, namely in the New Agenda Coalition and the Seven-Nation Initiative, that are active in diplomatic forums and in practical projects. This article assesses the advocacy states' activities and shows that the states' reports and groupings increasingly focus on providing research, expertise, and technical assistance for the challenges facing disarmament. The article examines briefly the question of extended nuclear deterrence and disarmament (given that many of the advocacy states are Western allies) and considers the likely future role and activities for advocacy states. The author argues that these states have played a vital role in creating a climate in which the Obama administration can engage the movement toward disarmament.
Keyword Nuclear weapons
United States
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Political Science and International Studies Publications
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Citation counts: Scopus Citation Count Cited 3 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 25 Mar 2011, 09:08:36 EST by Elmari Louise Whyte on behalf of School of Political Science & Internat'l Studies