Designing a network of marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea with limited socio-economic data

Giakoumi, S., Grantham, H. S., Kokkoris, G. D. and Possingham, H. P. (2011) Designing a network of marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea with limited socio-economic data. Biological Conservation, 144 2: 753-763. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2010.11.006

Author Giakoumi, S.
Grantham, H. S.
Kokkoris, G. D.
Possingham, H. P.
Title Designing a network of marine reserves in the Mediterranean Sea with limited socio-economic data
Journal name Biological Conservation   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0006-3207
Publication date 2011-02
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2010.11.006
Open Access Status
Volume 144
Issue 2
Start page 753
End page 763
Total pages 11
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract The present study is the first to determine priorities for the location of marine reserves using spatial prioritization software in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. We used biophysical data from visual census surveys on: fish species abundance, presence of various habitat types, and percent coverage of seagrasses and canopy algae. Efficient conservation planning requires spatially explicit information on how proposed management will affect stakeholders, which in this region was very limited. We created novel socio-economic cost indices to account for fisheries and tourists. Our fishing metrics were based on fisher behaviour including information on the location of ports and areas often inaccessible to fishers due to high wind exposure. We developed a cost index for tourism based on the availability of beds for tourists. We examined how the spatial priorities for marine reserves varied using different combinations of these socio-economic cost metrics. We found about 17% of sites were a high priority regardless of which cost metric was used. We also compared, for the first time in the Mediterranean, our results devised using systematic conservation planning approaches with priorities developed by two non-systematic methods, the Natura 2000 proposed marine reserves and sites that local fishers proposed for protection. Only a few sites identified by our approach were the same as those recommended as part of Natura 2000 or the fishers' proposals. This suggests that much more work is needed to harmonise existing proposals with the principles of efficient systematic conservation planning. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Keyword Biodiversity
Conservation planning
Marine reserves
Mediterranean Sea
Wind exposure
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 24 November 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
Ecology Centre Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 22 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 24 Mar 2011, 11:02:10 EST by Gail Walter on behalf of School of Biological Sciences