Security of two quantum cryptography protocols using the same four qubit states

Branciard, Cyril, Gisin, Nicolas, Kraus, Barbara and Scarani, Valerio (2005) Security of two quantum cryptography protocols using the same four qubit states. Physical Review A, 72 3: 032301-1-032301-18. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.72.032301

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Author Branciard, Cyril
Gisin, Nicolas
Kraus, Barbara
Scarani, Valerio
Title Security of two quantum cryptography protocols using the same four qubit states
Journal name Physical Review A   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1050-2947
Publication date 2005-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1103/PhysRevA.72.032301
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 72
Issue 3
Start page 032301-1
End page 032301-18
Total pages 18
Place of publication College Park, MD, United States
Publisher American Physical Society
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The first quantum cryptography protocol, proposed by Bennett and Brassard in 1984 (BB84), has been widely studied in recent years. This protocol uses four states (more precisely, two complementary bases) for the encoding of the classical bit. Recently, it has been noticed that by using the same four states, but a different encoding of information, one can define a protocol which is more robust in practical implementations, specifically when attenuated laser pulses are used instead of single-photon sources [V. Scarani et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 057901 (2004), referred to as the SARG04 protocol]. We present a detailed study of SARG04 in two different regimes. In the first part, we consider an implementation with a single-photon source: we derive bounds on the error rate Q for security against all possible attacks by the eavesdropper. The lower and the upper bound obtained for SARG04 (Q≲10.95% and Q≳14.9%, respectively) are close to those obtained for BB84 (Q≲12.4% and Q≳14.6%, respectively). In the second part, we consider a realistic source consisting of an attenuated laser and improve on previous analysis by allowing Alice to optimize the mean number of photons as a function of the distance. The SARG04 protocol is found to perform better than BB84, both in secret-key rate and in maximal achievable distance, for a wide class of Eve’s attacks.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Mathematics and Physics
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 52 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 56 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Thu, 24 Mar 2011, 08:13:06 EST by Mr Cyril Branciard on behalf of Physics