Pritchard, David (2010). War, democracy and culture in Classical Athens. In: Neil O'Sullivan, ASCS 31  Proceedings: Refereed Papers from the 31st Conference of the Australasian Society for Classical Studies. ASCS 31 , Perth, WA, Australia, (1-13). 2-5 February 2010.
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Athens is famous for its highly developed democracy and its veritable cultural revolution. Not widely known is its military revolution. More than any other city Athens invented new forms of combat and was responsible for raising the scale of Greek warfare to a different order of magnitude. The contemporaneity of these revolutions raises the possibility that democracy was one of the major causes of Athenian military success. Ancient writers may have thought as much but the traditional assumptions of Ancient History and Political Science have meant that the impact of democracy on war has received almost no scholarly attention. This paper summarises the finding of an international consortium which has investigated this important problem from multiple perspectives and considers what insights we can learn from ancient Athens for contemporary foreign policy.