Parental bonding and vulnerability to adolescent suicide

Martin, G. and Waite, S. (1994) Parental bonding and vulnerability to adolescent suicide. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 89 4: 246-254. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.1994.tb01509.x


Author Martin, G.
Waite, S.
Title Parental bonding and vulnerability to adolescent suicide
Journal name Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-690X
1600-0447
Publication date 1994-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1600-0447.1994.tb01509.x
Volume 89
Issue 4
Start page 246
End page 254
Total pages 9
Place of publication Malden, MA, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Abstract Part of a series of studies into early detection in adolescent suicide, this study investigated relationships between parenting style and suicidal thoughts, acts and depression. Students (mean age 15 years) from 4 randomly chosen high schools completed self-report questionnaires containing the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) and the Youth Self Report, which provided information about suicide ideation, deliberate self-harm and depression. Significant differences for mean scores on the PBI subscales were noted between cases and noncases of depression, suicidal thoughts and deliberate self-harm. Assignment by adolescents of their parents to the “affectionless control” quadrant of the PBI doubles the relative risk for suicidal thoughts, increases the relative risk for deliberate self-harm 3-fold and increases the relative risk for depression 5-fold. It seems that the PBI may play a role in identification of vulnerable adolescents; further, it both elucidates aspects of adolescent-parent interaction and points toward areas for intervention with at-risk adolescents. We recommend the use of the PBI in early detection studies of adolescent suicide.
Keyword Adolescence
Suicide
Depression
Parenting
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ
Additional Notes Article first published online: 23 August 2007.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 21 Mar 2011, 12:31:56 EST