Male ex-inmates living crime-free: A phenomenological study.

J F (2010). Male ex-inmates living crime-free: A phenomenological study. PhD Thesis, School of Education, The University of Queensland.

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Author J F
Thesis Title Male ex-inmates living crime-free: A phenomenological study.
School, Centre or Institute School of Education
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-07
Thesis type PhD Thesis
Supervisor Professor Robyn Gillies
Assoc Professor Annemaree Carroll
Total pages 293
Total colour pages none
Total black and white pages 293
Subjects 13 Education
Abstract/Summary Objective: The aim of this study was to explore factors supporting ex-inmates to live crime free. A novel part of the study was that it used Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) as a theoretical paradigm to provide a much needed comprehensive conceptual framework to systematically investigate what factors support ex-inmates to live crime-free. Specifically, the Triadic Interaction Model of SCT was used to distinguish and discriminate the factors in terms of how they may be supporting ex-inmates in the community. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model was used to report on how factors were interdependent and interrelated in supporting ex-inmates to live crime-free. Method: All participants were living crime-free for a minimum of two years and spent at least one year incarcerated in full-custody. In total, 20 participants, all residents of Queensland, participated in face-to-face individual interviews. All interviews were conducted by the Researcher. Phenomenology was used to document various experiences of ex-inmates in order to develop a holistic appreciation of each individual’s life narrative. Information on each participant was collected through a Violence Risk Appraisal Guide in terms of Index Offence; time spent in prison; biographical information, exit check-list and various life experiences from childhood through to adulthood and to subsequent crime-free living. Importantly, participants rated each support factor (e.g., family, faith, employment and education) and then went on to give a qualitative description of how the factor was precisely supporting them to live crime-free. Results: This was the first study to not only uncover factors motivating and assisting ex-inmates to live crime-free but also to use Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Model to qualitatively report on the role of support factors within the various systems of the Ecological Model. To this end, this study found self-efficacy, significant life events and faith to intrinsically motivate ex-inmates to live crime-free. Factors such as family, friends, employment/income, support groups and specific individuals were found to assist a crime free life. Results also indicated that the majority of participants spending a majority of their adult life incarcerated were involved in crime at an early age, used drugs and alcohol at an early age, experienced difficulties at school, had poor family relationships and ad hoc employment opportunities. Further, four cases studies are provided to provide a holistic insight into the lives of ex-inmates. Conclusion: A unique part of this study was that it was able to distinguish factors as either motivating and/or assisting ex-inmates to live crime-free. Moreover, a comprehensive model to explain the process of how ex-inmates come to live crime-free was developed. A pragmatic pre-release to post-release model has been proposed to support ex-inmates to live crime-free.
Keyword Ex-inmates, living crime-free, recidivism, desistance, post-prison, post-release support, post-prison support plan.
Additional Notes 1. Please ensure that Appendix 2 and Appendix 3 are readable and visible in the final bound copy. 2. Page 130 to be printed as landscape 3. Page 205 to be printed as landscape

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Created: Thu, 17 Mar 2011, 17:16:43 EST by Mr J F on behalf of Library - Information Access Service