A simple approach to nipple discharge

King, Tari A., Carter, Kristine M., Bolton, John S. and Fuhrman, George M. (2000). A simple approach to nipple discharge. In: 68th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern-Surgical-Congress, Orlando, FL, United States, (960-965). 5-8 February 2000.

Author King, Tari A.
Carter, Kristine M.
Bolton, John S.
Fuhrman, George M.
Title of paper A simple approach to nipple discharge
Conference name 68th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern-Surgical-Congress
Conference location Orlando, FL, United States
Conference dates 5-8 February 2000
Journal name American Surgeon   Check publisher's open access policy
Place of Publication Cumming, GA, United States
Publisher Southeastern Surgical Congress
Publication Year 2000
Sub-type Fully published paper
ISSN 0003-1348
Volume 66
Issue 10
Start page 960
End page 965
Total pages 5
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Evaluation and management of patients with nipple discharge (ND) aims to identify carcinoma when present, and in benign cases, stop the discharge when bothersome. We reviewed our recent experience with ND to develop a simple and effective algorithm to manage these patients. Records of all patients with ND evaluated from December 1996 through June 1999 were reviewed. Patients were liberally offered duct excision for a clinical suspicion of malignancy (persistent clear or bloody fluid) or to stop bothersome discharge. Patients with breast imaging abnormalities (mammography or ultrasound) related to their ND underwent biopsy and were considered separately. Of 104 patients with ND, 11 underwent biopsy as a result of mammographic findings; three of these cases proved malignant. The remaining 93 patients were evaluated with 55 tests that did not demonstrate malignancy, including ductography, discharge fluid cytology, serum prolactin and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels, and image-guided breast or nipple biopsy. Thirty-nine patients underwent duct excision with only a single patient demonstrating malignancy. Clinical follow-up has not identified malignancy in any patient managed nonoperatively. When diagnostic breast imaging is negative, malignancy related to ND is uncommon. Patients with ND should have diagnostic breast imaging and, if it is negative, should be offered duct excision. There is little role for ductography, cytology, or laboratory studies in evaluating these patients.
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Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Conference Paper
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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Created: Mon, 14 Mar 2011, 10:50:48 EST