Computerized tomography in acute and chronic pancreatitis

Kalmar, J.A., Matthews, C.C. and Bishop, L.A. (1984) Computerized tomography in acute and chronic pancreatitis. Southern Medical Journal, 77 11: 1393-1396.

Author Kalmar, J.A.
Matthews, C.C.
Bishop, L.A.
Title Computerized tomography in acute and chronic pancreatitis
Journal name Southern Medical Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0038-4348
Publication date 1984
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 77
Issue 11
Start page 1393
End page 1396
Total pages 4
Place of publication Philadelphia, PA, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Language eng
Abstract Modern imaging techniques have revolutionized the diagnostic evaluation of pancreatitis, primarily demonstrating its complications. Computerized tomography (CT) is a more sensitive method than ultrasonography and pancreatic ductography. A chart review revealed 214 patients at our hospital with a discharge diagnosis of pancreatitis. Sixty patients had CT for evaluation of possible complications. Only five scans were normal. Of 37 cases of acute pancreatitis, 92% demonstrated localized or diffuse enlargement, and 65% showed loss of pancreatic outline. Other frequent findings included thickening of perirenal fascia (49%), ileus (43%), edema of mesentery (35%), and inflammatory exudate (32%). Abscess and pseudocyst were each detected in 8% of cases. In chronic pancreatitis 65% of patients showed localized or diffuse pancreatic enlargement. Atrophy of the gland (30%), calcification (30%), pseudocyst (26%), and dilated pancreatic ducts (17%) were also seen. CT is effective in evaluating pancreatitis and its complications.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Medicine Publications
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