Body mass index among Melanesian and Indian Fijians aged >= 40 years living in Fiji

Brian, Garry, Ramke, Jacqueline, Maher, Louise, Page, Andrew, Fischer-Harder, Konstanze and Sikivou, Biu (2011) Body mass index among Melanesian and Indian Fijians aged >= 40 years living in Fiji. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 23 1: 34-43. doi:10.1177/1010539510390665


Author Brian, Garry
Ramke, Jacqueline
Maher, Louise
Page, Andrew
Fischer-Harder, Konstanze
Sikivou, Biu
Title Body mass index among Melanesian and Indian Fijians aged >= 40 years living in Fiji
Journal name Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1010-5395
1941-2479
Publication date 2011-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1010539510390665
Volume 23
Issue 1
Start page 34
End page 43
Total pages 10
Place of publication Thousand Oaks CA , United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted abstract
To determine the distribution and sociodemographic associations of body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) among Melanesian and Indian Fijians aged ≥40 years living in Fiji, a population-based cross-sectional survey with multistage random sampling was conducted in 2009. Melanesians were more likely to have BMI ≥25 (odds ratio [OR] = 4.73; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.57-6.28; P < .001) and BMI ≥30 (OR = 3.84; 95% CI = 2.94-5.03; P < .001). Among Melanesians, gender and educational attainment were predictive of BMI ≥25 on multivariate analysis. Women were more likely to be overweight (OR = 2.03; 95% CI = 1.34-3.06) or obese (OR = 1.92; 95% CI = 1.43-2.59). Among Indians, gender and age were predictive of BMI ≥25. Again, women were more likely to be overweight (OR = 2.51; 95% CI = 1.69-3.73) or obese (OR = 3.71; 95% CI = 2.19-6.29). Gender–age–domicile-adjusted, and extrapolating across Fiji, 0.3%, 84.5%, and 51.7% of Melanesians aged ≥40 years had BMI <18.5, ≥25, and ≥30, respectively. Among Indians, these values were 5.8%, 54.2%, and 21.2%, respectively.
Keyword Body mass index
Fiji
Fijian
Indian
Melanesian
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 13 Mar 2011, 00:13:42 EST