Farmers, gatherers or horticulturalists? Reconstructing landscapes of practice in the Early Neolithic

Asouti, Eleni and Fairbairn, Andrew S. (2010). Farmers, gatherers or horticulturalists? Reconstructing landscapes of practice in the Early Neolithic. In B. Finlayson and G. Warren (Ed.), Landscapes in transition (pp. 161-172) Oxford, U.K.: Oxbow Books.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Asouti, Eleni
Fairbairn, Andrew S.
Title of chapter Farmers, gatherers or horticulturalists? Reconstructing landscapes of practice in the Early Neolithic
Title of book Landscapes in transition
Place of Publication Oxford, U.K.
Publisher Oxbow Books
Publication Year 2010
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
Series Levant supplementary series
ISBN 9781842174166
1842174169
Editor B. Finlayson
G. Warren
Volume number 8
Chapter number 15
Start page 161
End page 172
Total pages 12
Total chapters 20
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Research into subsistence practices focusing on the 'Origins of Agriculture' has been a staple of archaeobotanical investigations in the Early Neolithic of the Near East since the first formulation of the 'Neolithic Revolution' by Childe. Our paper offers a critical review of the historical background of research on Early Neolithic plant-based subsistence practices in this part of the world. It also outlines an alternative theoretical approach, one that takes issue with the dependence on ethnographic and ethnoarchaeological accounts of historically documented peasant communities and the uncritical use of traditional categories such as 'agriculture', 'cultivation', 'gathering', 'village' and their variants. We argue instead in favour of adopting approaches which aim at reconstructing the range and gradients of the different practices and social realities associated with Early Neolithic plant procurement and consumption. Drawing from examples of recent research, we suggest an agenda for archaeobotany and landscape archaeology that emphasizes the data-informed reconstruction of the dynamic ecological relationships between communities as socio-economic agents and targeted resources, and the reconstruction of the practices associated with food production and consumption.
Keyword Neolithic Revolutin
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Description: x, 229 p. : ill., maps ; 30 cm.

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 11 Mar 2011, 15:36:28 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science