Electro-cortical implicit race bias does not vary with participants’ race or sex

Lipp, Ottmar V., Mallan, Kimberley M., Martin, Frances H., Terry, Deborah J. and Smith, Joanne R. (2011) Electro-cortical implicit race bias does not vary with participants’ race or sex. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 6 5: 591-601. doi:10.1093/scan/nsq089

Author Lipp, Ottmar V.
Mallan, Kimberley M.
Martin, Frances H.
Terry, Deborah J.
Smith, Joanne R.
Title Electro-cortical implicit race bias does not vary with participants’ race or sex
Journal name Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1749-5016
Publication date 2011-10
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1093/scan/nsq089
Volume 6
Issue 5
Start page 591
End page 601
Total pages 11
Place of publication Oxford, U. K.
Publisher Oxford University Press
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract Earlier research found evidence for electro-cortical race bias towards black target faces in white American participants irrespective of the task relevance of race. The present study investigated whether an implicit race bias generalizes across cultural contexts and racial in- and out-groups. An Australian sample of 56 Chinese and Caucasian males and females completed four oddball tasks that required sex judgements for pictures of male and female Chinese and Caucasian posers. The nature of the background (across task) and of the deviant stimuli (within task) was fully counterbalanced. Event-related potentials (ERPs) to deviant stimuli recorded from three midline sites were quantified in terms of mean amplitude for four components: N1, P2, N2 and a late positive complex (LPC; 350–700 ms). Deviants that differed from the backgrounds in sex or race elicited enhanced LPC activity. These differences were not modulated by participant race or sex. The current results replicate earlier reports of effects of poser race relative to background race on the LPC component of the ERP waveform. In addition, they indicate that an implicit race bias occurs regardless of participant's or poser's race and is not confined to a particular cultural context. Copyright © 2011 Oxford University Press
Keyword Race bias
Event related brain potentials
Implicit race bias
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes First published online: November 22, 2010

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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Created: Fri, 11 Mar 2011, 11:16:06 EST by Lucy O'Brien on behalf of School of Psychology