Acute response of blood glucose to short-term exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes

Hordern, Matthew D., Marwick, Thomas H., Wood, Peter, Cooney, Louise M., Prins, Johannes B. and Coombes, Jeff S. (2011) Acute response of blood glucose to short-term exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 14 3: 238-242. doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2010.11.003


Author Hordern, Matthew D.
Marwick, Thomas H.
Wood, Peter
Cooney, Louise M.
Prins, Johannes B.
Coombes, Jeff S.
Title Acute response of blood glucose to short-term exercise training in patients with type 2 diabetes
Journal name Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1440-2440
Publication date 2011-05
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.11.003
Volume 14
Issue 3
Start page 238
End page 242
Total pages 5
Place of publication Australia
Publisher Elsevier Australia
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract It is unclear whether the glucose lowering effects of an exercise session are augmented by training. Therefore, we sought to assess the effects of a four-week exercise training program on the acute response of blood glucose to a single exercise session in patients with T2DM. A Quasi experimental design was used. Thirty-four patients with T2DM (18 males) completed a four-week exercise regime consisting of two 1-h supervised sessions and one 30 min unsupervised home session per week. The sessions contained cardiorespiratory and resistance exercises. Blood glucose was measured prior to and after each training session. Resting heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), body composition, lipid profile and cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) were determined before and after the four week training program. Decreases in blood glucose (pre to post exercise session) over the four weeks were (mean ± SD); week 1: 13.3 ± 18.6%, week 2: 19.7 ± 18.5%, week 3: 18.1 ± 20.8%, week 4: 22.8 ± 17.9%. General linear modelling with repeated measures ANCOVA showed that there was a significant (p < 0.01) time effect over this period. Additionally, there were small, but significant decreases in resting heart rate (-6.6 ± 10.3 bpm, p = 0.001), systolic blood pressure (-5.6 ± 14.9 mm Hg, p = 0.043) and fat mass (-1.6 ± 3.2%, p = 0.024) and an increase in VO2max (1.6 ± 3.7 ml/kg/min, p = 0.025) over the four weeks. Four weeks of exercise training augments the exercise-induced decrease in blood glucose that occurs in a single exercise session. © 2010 Sports Medicine Australia.
Keyword Hyperglycaemia
Hyperinsulinaemia
Insulin resistance
Physical fitness
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online23 december 2010

 
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Created: Thu, 10 Mar 2011, 14:21:47 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement Studies