Control of mycobacterial replication in human macrophages: Roles of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways

Blumenthal, Antje, Ehlers, Stefan, Ernst, Martin, Flad, Hans-Dieter and Reiling, Norbert (2002) Control of mycobacterial replication in human macrophages: Roles of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Infection and Immunity, 70 9: 4961-4967. doi:10.1128/IAI.70.9.4961-4967.2002

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Author Blumenthal, Antje
Ehlers, Stefan
Ernst, Martin
Flad, Hans-Dieter
Reiling, Norbert
Title Control of mycobacterial replication in human macrophages: Roles of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways
Journal name Infection and Immunity
ISSN 1098-5522
1070-6313
Publication date 2002-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1128/IAI.70.9.4961-4967.2002
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 70
Issue 9
Start page 4961
End page 4967
Total pages 7
Place of publication Washington, DC, United States
Publisher American Society for Microbiology
Language eng
Abstract Intracellular persistence of mycobacteria may result from an intricate balance between bacterial replication and signaling events leading to antimicrobial macrophage activities. Using human monocyte-derived macrophages, we investigated the relevance of mitogen-activated protein kinase activation for the growth control of Mycobacterium avium isolates differing in their abilities to multiply intracellularly. The highly replicative smooth transparent morphotype of M. avium strain 2151 induced significantly less p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) phosphorylation than the smooth opaque morphotype of the same strain, which was gradually eliminated from macrophage cultures. Inhibition of the p38 pathway by highly specific inhibitors did not significantly affect mycobacterial replication within macrophages, regardless of the in vitro virulence of the M. avium strain. However, repression of the ERK1/2 pathway further enhanced intracellular growth of highly replicative M. avium strains, although it did not increase survival of the poorly replicating M. avium isolate. Inhibition of the ERK1/2 pathway resulted in decreased tumor necrosis alpha (TNF-α) secretion irrespective of the virulence of the M. avium isolate used for infection, revealing that TNF-α could have been only partially responsible for the control of intracellular M. avium growth. In conclusion, ERK1/2- and TNF-α-independent pathways are sufficient to limit intramacrophage growth of less-virulent M. avium strains, but early ERK1/2 activation in infected macrophages is critically involved in controlling the growth of highly replicative M. avium strains.
Keyword Mitogen-activated protein kinase
Extracellular signal-regulated kinase
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: UQ Diamantina Institute Publications
 
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