The self-reported personal wellbeing of a sample of Australian injecting drug users

Dietze, Paul, Stoové, Mark, Miller, Peter, Kinner, Stuart, Bruno, Raimondo, Alati, Rosa and Burns, Lucy (2010) The self-reported personal wellbeing of a sample of Australian injecting drug users. Addiction, 105 12: 2141-2148. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03090.x


Author Dietze, Paul
Stoové, Mark
Miller, Peter
Kinner, Stuart
Bruno, Raimondo
Alati, Rosa
Burns, Lucy
Title The self-reported personal wellbeing of a sample of Australian injecting drug users
Journal name Addiction   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0965-2140
1360-0443
1359-6357
Publication date 2010-12-01
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03090.x
Volume 105
Issue 12
Start page 2141
End page 2148
Total pages 8
Editor Robert West
Place of publication Oxford, U.K
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aims  To examine the self-reported personal wellbeing of a sample of Australian injecting drug users (IDU) using a standardized instrument and determine the key correlates of variations in self-reported personal wellbeing.

Design, setting and participants  Cross-sectional survey of 881 Australian IDU.

Measurements   Self-reported personal wellbeing collected using the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI).

Findings  IDU scored significantly lower than the general Australian population on the PWI and all subscales. Lower PWI scores were associated with a range of socio-demographic, drug use and other health and social characteristics. Across all PWI subscales, lower personal wellbeing scores were associated with unemployment, past 6-month mental health problems and more frequent injecting (all P < 0.05).

Conclusions The PWI is sufficiently sensitive to distinguish between IDU and the general population, and to identify key correlates of PWI among IDU. Some domains canvassed within the scale, such as health, standard of living and life achievements, are well within the scope of current intervention strategies, such as pharmacotherapy maintenance treatment and housing and employment support services. This suggests that the PWI could be useful in clinical settings by allowing structured identification of the areas of a person's life to be addressed as a part of a treatment regimen. In order to inform targeted prevention and intervention efforts, longitudinal studies of PWI and its correlates among IDU are required.
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction
Keyword Heroin use
Injecting drug use
Personal wellbeing index
Methadone-maintenance treatment
Nonfatal overdose
Heroin overdose
HIV
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 10 Mar 2011, 01:17:09 EST by Geraldine Fitzgerald on behalf of School of Public Health