Comparison of promoters in transgenic rice

Furtado, Agnelo, Henry, Robert J. and Takaiwa, Fumio (2008) Comparison of promoters in transgenic rice. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 6 7: 679-693. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7652.2008.00352.x


Author Furtado, Agnelo
Henry, Robert J.
Takaiwa, Fumio
Title Comparison of promoters in transgenic rice
Journal name Plant Biotechnology Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-7644
1467-7652
Publication date 2008-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1467-7652.2008.00352.x
Volume 6
Issue 7
Start page 679
End page 693
Total pages 15
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Reports of the use of rice storage protein gene promoters to express transgenes in rice grain have demonstrated that rice grain can be used as a production platform for end-use quality or seed-based edible vaccines. The generation of transgenic rice with multitraits (gene stacking), which requires the use of multiple transgenes under the control of different promoters, necessitates the use of promoters from rice and other cereals, as this is highly advantageous in reducing homology-based transcriptional gene silencing. Using the green fluorescent protein gene (gfp) as a reporter gene and a transgenic rice platform, promoters of storage protein and non-storage protein genes from barley, wheat and rice were compared with regard to their spatial and temporal control of expression. Storage protein promoters from barley (549-bp B-hordein and 433-bp D-hordein) and wheat (425-bp high-molecular-weight glutenin) directed the expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) in endosperm but not embryo; however, expression was leaky, as it was also observed in seed maternal tissues, leaf and root tissues. As expected, the rice promoters (1350-bp glutelin B-1 and 1007-bp α-globulin) directed the endosperm-specific expression of GFP in transgenic rice. Our results indicate that seed-specific promoters from barley and wheat, although containing endosperm and GCN4 motifs, which are important for endosperm-specific expression in rice, may not be spatially regulated in the same manner as they are in their native species. The analysis of GFP expression under the control of various promoters in rice grain indicates that promoters from other cereals can drive high levels of endosperm-specific expression in rice, but their utility for seed-specific expression may depend on their tissue specificity.
Keyword Barley
Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (elisa)
Green Fluorescent Protein Gene (gfp)
Promoters
Rice
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
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Created: Mon, 07 Mar 2011, 16:07:12 EST