Variation in crop radiation-use efficiency with increased diffuse radiation

Sinclair, Thomas R., Shiraiwa, Tatsuhiko and Hammer, Graeme L. (1992) Variation in crop radiation-use efficiency with increased diffuse radiation. Crop Science, 32 5: 1281-1284.

Author Sinclair, Thomas R.
Shiraiwa, Tatsuhiko
Hammer, Graeme L.
Title Variation in crop radiation-use efficiency with increased diffuse radiation
Journal name Crop Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0011-183X
1435-0653
Publication date 1992-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 32
Issue 5
Start page 1281
End page 1284
Total pages 4
Place of publication Madison, WI, United States
Publisher Crop Science Society of America
Language eng
Formatted abstract Radiation-use efficiency (RUE; grams of biomass accumulated, divided by total solar radiation intercepted) has proven to be a useful variable for quantifying biomass accumulation by crops. Experimental results and theoretical analysis indicate that differences in RUE exist among species, but that RUE for unstressed conditions is relatively stable within a species. A departure from the general conclusion is that high values of RUE have been reported for conditions where the diffuse proportion of the total radiation is commonly large (e.g., glasshouse-grown plants). In this paper, a simple theoretical derivation of RUE was examined to quantify potential responses in RUE to variation in the fraction of diffuse radiation. To simulate natural conditions, the absolute amount of incident diffuse radiation was held constant and the amount of the direct radiation component was varied so that both the fraction of diffuse radiation and total radiation were varied. The estimates of RUE for soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and maize (Zea mays L.) increased as the fraction of diffuse radiation increased and the total radiation decreased. These results indicate that plants grown in glasshouses or in other locations with large fractions of diffuse radiation are likely to have greater radiation-use efficiency than observed under primarily direct radiation.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
 
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