Insight to forcing of late Quaternary climate change from aeolian dust archives in eastern Australia

McGowan, H. A., Marx, S., Soderholm, J., Denholm, J. and Petherick, L. (2010). Insight to forcing of late Quaternary climate change from aeolian dust archives in eastern Australia. In: AGU 2010 Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA, U.S.A., (). 13-17 December 2010.

Author McGowan, H. A.
Marx, S.
Soderholm, J.
Denholm, J.
Petherick, L.
Title of paper Insight to forcing of late Quaternary climate change from aeolian dust archives in eastern Australia
Conference name AGU 2010 Fall Meeting
Conference location San Francisco, CA, U.S.A.
Conference dates 13-17 December 2010
Convener American Geophysical Union
Place of Publication Washington, DC, U.S.A.
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Publication Year 2010
Sub-type Published abstract
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
The Australian continent is the largest source of dust in the Southern Hemisphere. Historical dust emissions records display inter-annual variability in response to the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon and inter-decadal variability which has been linked to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO). These reflect change in hydrometeorology of the continents two major dust source regions, the Murray-Darling Basin and the Lake Eyre Basin. The historical records do not allow longer term variability of ENSO and the PDO and their influence on Australia to be quantified. Importantly, sub-Milankovitch centennial to multi-millennial scale climate cycles and their impacts are not represented in the historical records. In this paper we present summary results from the analysis of two aeolain dust records spanning 7 ka and 45 ka. These were developed from ombrotrophic mire and lacustrine sediment cores collected from the Australian Alps and southeast Queensland. Both sites are located in the southeast Australian dust transport pathway and provide rare insight to forcings of climate variability and its impacts on eastern Australia through the late Quaternary. Age controls for the cores were established using 14C and 210Pb dating [McGowan et al. 2008, 2010]. The cores were sliced into 2 to 5 mm segments with a sub-sample of each segment combusted at 450°C for 12 hrs to destroy organic material and allow recovery of mineral dust. Geochemical fingerprinting of the < 90 µm fraction of the dust was used to determine provenance and to account for contamination by fluvial and/or colluvial sediments [Marx et al. 2005]. Analysis of the dust records, proxy for hydrometeorology, identified tropical ocean teleconnections, variability of solar irradiance and change in ocean deep water circulation as the principal causes of inter-decadal to centennial scale climate cycles and change. Predictions of future climate must consider these forcings so that in water scarce regions of Australia the effect on the hydroclimate is incorporated into the design of water allocation policy and infrastructure, and the management of environmental systems. Comparison with ice core records from Greenland and Antarctica indicate both synchronicity of global climate variability and the impact of forcings originating from the North Hemisphere. These results highlight the potential for adverse impacts on the climate of Australia by disturbance to North Atlantic Ocean circulation.
Q-Index Code EX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Presented during Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology Session PP11F "Milestones and Recent Advances in the Study of Loess, Dust, and Other Eolian Sediment Archives I".

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Created: Mon, 28 Feb 2011, 14:28:13 EST by Associate Professor Hamish Mcgowan on behalf of School of Geography, Planning & Env Management