The development and validation of two complementary measures of drivers' hazard perception ability

Wetton, M. A., Horswill, M. S., Hatherly, C., Wood, J. M., Pachana, N. A. and Anstey, K. J. (2010) The development and validation of two complementary measures of drivers' hazard perception ability. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 42 4: 1232-1239. doi:10.1016/j.aap.2010.01.017


Author Wetton, M. A.
Horswill, M. S.
Hatherly, C.
Wood, J. M.
Pachana, N. A.
Anstey, K. J.
Title The development and validation of two complementary measures of drivers' hazard perception ability
Journal name Accident Analysis and Prevention   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0001-4575
1879-2057
Publication date 2010-07
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.aap.2010.01.017
Volume 42
Issue 4
Start page 1232
End page 1239
Total pages 8
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Abstract Hazard perception in driving involves a number of different processes. This paper reports the development of two measures designed to separate these processes. A Hazard Perception Test was developed to measure how quickly drivers could anticipate hazards overall, incorporating detection, trajectory prediction, and hazard classification judgements. A Hazard Change Detection Task was developed to measure how quickly drivers can detect a hazard in a static image regardless of whether they consider it hazardous or not. For the Hazard Perception Test, young novices were slower than mid-age experienced drivers, consistent with differences in crash risk, and test performance correlated with scores in pre-existing Hazard Perception Tests. For drivers aged 65 and over, scores on the Hazard Perception Test declined with age and correlated with both contrast sensitivity and a Useful Field of View measure. For the Hazard Change Detection Task, novices responded quicker than the experienced drivers, contrary to crash risk trends, and test performance did not correlate with measures of overall hazard perception. However for drivers aged 65 and over, test performance declined with age and correlated with both hazard perception and Useful Field of View. Overall we concluded that there was support for the validity of the Hazard Perception Test for all ages but the Hazard Change Detection Task might only be appropriate for use with older drivers. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keyword Driving
Anticipatory skill
Hazard perception
Older adults
Useful field of view
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Sat, 26 Feb 2011, 08:47:11 EST by Prof Nancy A Pachana on behalf of School of Psychology