Summary and conclusions

Jones, Terry L., Clarke, Andrew C., Cordero, María-Auxiliadora, Green, Roger C., Irwin, Geoffrey, Klar, Kathryn A., Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth A., Quiróz, Daniel, Ramírez-Aliaga, José Miguel, Scaglion, Richard, Storey, Alice A. and Weisler, Marshall I. (2011). Summary and conclusions. In Terry L. Jones, Alice A. Storey, Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith and José Miguel Ramíres-Aliaga (Ed.), Polynesians in America: Pre-Columbian Contacts with the New World (pp. 225-268) Lanham, MD, United States: AltaMira Press.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Jones, Terry L.
Clarke, Andrew C.
Cordero, María-Auxiliadora
Green, Roger C.
Irwin, Geoffrey
Klar, Kathryn A.
Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth A.
Quiróz, Daniel
Ramírez-Aliaga, José Miguel
Scaglion, Richard
Storey, Alice A.
Weisler, Marshall I.
Title of chapter Summary and conclusions
Title of book Polynesians in America: Pre-Columbian Contacts with the New World
Place of Publication Lanham, MD, United States
Publisher AltaMira Press
Publication Year 2011
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
ISBN 9780759120044
0759120048
9780759120068
0759120064
Editor Terry L. Jones
Alice A. Storey
Elizabeth A. Matisoo-Smith
José Miguel Ramíres-Aliaga
Chapter number 14
Start page 225
End page 268
Total pages 44
Total chapters 14
Collection year 2012
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
We suggest that the most parsimonious explanation for the material, linguistic, biological. mythological, nautical, chronological, and physical anthropological evidence summarized in chapters 1-–13 is that Polynesians made pre-Columbian landfalls in the New World. Further, based on this evidence, we identify three likely locations of contact: southern Chile, the Gulf of Guayaquil in South America, and the Santa Barbara Channel in North America. All of these contacts we argue occurred during the late Holocene between approximately cal A.D. 700 and 1350. None of them altered the course of prehistory in these regions in the extreme ways suggested by hyperdiffusionists (i.e., they did not cause the emergence of New World civilizations); nonetheless, local populations in both Polynesia and the Americas were the recipients of new technologies and domesticates that affected their subsistence practices and lives. Cultures changed. This conclusion is not based on any single piece of evidence but rather on the totality. The possibility that Polynesians made such contacts has been discussed and debated for nearly two centuries. Both theoretical resistance to the notion of transoceanic diffusion and lingering ethnocentrism among American scholars have contributed to stubborn dismissal of this idea, especially in the United States.
Q-Index Code B1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: Official 2012 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 25 Feb 2011, 09:02:12 EST by Debbie Lim on behalf of School of Social Science