The effects of performance routines on soccer performance

Fernanda Serra De Queiroz (2010). The effects of performance routines on soccer performance MPhil Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Fernanda Serra De Queiroz
Thesis Title The effects of performance routines on soccer performance
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2010-08
Thesis type MPhil Thesis
Supervisor Stephanie Hanrahan
John McLean
Total pages 106
Total colour pages 5
Total black and white pages 101
Subjects 17 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Abstract/Summary Routines are an important strategy to help athletes to start the competition with an optimum level of activation, and to achieve concentration during performance. The use of routines has been widely investigated in closed-skill sports, specifically pre-performance routines in self-paced tasks. Therefore the primary purpose of the current thesis was to investigate the efficacy of performance routines in an open skilled sport. To achieve this aim an intervention based on the literature (Martin, 2007) was used in Study 1 to further the knowledge of the direct effects of performance routines in an open-skilled sport, namely soccer. Ten male athletes aged between 20 and 29 (M = 23.7) from a semi-professional team participated on the Study. The Study involved a single case design for analysis of the intervention effects on performance. The visual inspection of the results indicated an increase in performance after the intervention. Additionally there were PEM (percentage of data points exceeding the median) of 100% for all athletes when comparing intervention phase to the baseline, and a large effect size (Cohen’s d) for nine of ten participants. The athletes’ evaluations of the intervention were positive, and the team coaching staff mentioned that the athletes were more confident after the intervention. A secondary purpose of the thesis was to increase understanding of the effects of pre-performance routines for an almost stable and unpredictable self-paced skill the penalty kick in soccer. Based on the previous literature on self-paced tasks (Lidor, 2007), I hypothesized that pre-performance routines would increase success rate in penalty kicks in soccer. Therefore, Study 2 was performed with a semi professional male soccer team, different from Study 1, with 21 athletes aged between 21 and 35 (M = 25.14). The experiment compared penalty kick outcome (goal, out, and defended) and ball direction for five kicks with the athletes using their regular routines and five without routines. The results indicated that with the use of routines the mean score for ball direction was higher, and statistically significant and medium effect size. Hence, both studies indicated that there is a positive influence of performance routines for an open-skilled sport and before the execution of a motor task in a semi-stable and unpredictable setting, the penalty kick in soccer. Nevertheless, additional studies are needed to cover some limitations of these studies and to go further in the understanding of routines in settings other than closed-skill sports and self-paced tasks.
Keyword sport psychology, performance routines, open skilled sports, soccer, penalty kick.
Additional Notes Pages that should be printed in colour: 25-29 Pages that should be printed landscape: 61,80,81

 
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Created: Wed, 16 Feb 2011, 20:34:14 EST by Fernanda Serra De Queiroz on behalf of Library - Information Access Service