Evidence-based policy: Principles and requirements

Head, Brian (2010). Evidence-based policy: Principles and requirements. In Strengthening evidence-based policy in the Australian Federation (pp. 13-26) Melbourne, Australia: Productivity Commission.

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Name Description MIMEType Size Downloads
Author Head, Brian
Title of chapter Evidence-based policy: Principles and requirements
Title of book Strengthening evidence-based policy in the Australian Federation
Place of Publication Melbourne, Australia
Publisher Productivity Commission
Publication Year 2010
Sub-type Research book chapter (original research)
ISBN 9781740373111
Volume number 1
Chapter number 2
Start page 13
End page 26
Total pages 14
Total chapters 14
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted Abstract/Summary
Evidence-based policy (ESP) is an aspiration rather than an accomplished outcome. The advocates of ESP urge the incorporation of rigorous research evidence into public policy debates and internal public sector processes for policy evaluation and program improvement. The primary goal is to improve the reliability of advice concerning the efficiency and effectiveness of policy settings and possible alternatives. This is attractive to pragmatic decision makers. Who want to know what works under what conditions, and also to those professionals concerned with improving information bases and improving the techniques for analysis and evaluation. Some concerns are raised by professionals whose knowledge-discipline or whose policy focus is not well served by quantitative analytical techniques, and who worry that important qualitative evidence may be overlooked. Scientific experts may reasonably disagree about methods, instruments and impacts. Whatever methodologies are employed, ESP requires good data, analytical skills and political support. Hence there are inherent limitations, even where government officials are able to draw on the results of reliable information and sound analytical skills. The politics of decision making inherently involves a mixing of science, value preferences, and practical judgments about feasibility and legitimacy. Outside the scientific community, the realm of knowledge and evidence is even more diverse and contested. Competing sets of evidence and testimony inform and influence policy. The professional crafts of policy and program development require 'weaving' these strands of information and values. The cutting-edge issues in modern ESP debates focus on problem-framing, methods for gathering and assessing reliable evidence, communicating and transferring knowledge into decision making, and evaluating the effectiveness of implementation and program delivery in complex policy areas.
Keyword Evidence based policy
Q-Index Code BX
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Description: 2 v. : ill. ; 25 cm. Volume 1: Proceedings

Document type: Book Chapter
Collections: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
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Created: Tue, 15 Feb 2011, 13:59:00 EST by Robin Smith on behalf of Institute for Social Science Research