Design experiment or experimental design: Towards a methodology to study GIS use in geographic education

Chang, Chew-Hung, Liu, Yan, Bui, Elisabeth N., Jin, Tao and Lossman, Hans Gunnar (2010) Design experiment or experimental design: Towards a methodology to study GIS use in geographic education. Research in Geographic Education, 12 1: 41-63.

Author Chang, Chew-Hung
Liu, Yan
Bui, Elisabeth N.
Jin, Tao
Lossman, Hans Gunnar
Title Design experiment or experimental design: Towards a methodology to study GIS use in geographic education
Journal name Research in Geographic Education
ISSN 1529-0085
Publication date 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
Volume 12
Issue 1
Start page 41
End page 63
Total pages 23
Place of publication San Marcos, TX, U.S.A.
Publisher Grosvenor Center for Geographic Education, Texas State University
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Arising from the metaphor and methods of the design and engineering fields, design experiment is a methodology whereby an artifact or intervention is designed based on a known theory with the goal of improving the artifact or intervention through the inquiry. Experimental design, on the other hand, refers to an investigative method in which variability in the experimental subjects or objects are compared. In developing a methodology to investigate if Geographic Information System (GIS) use with the problem based learning (PBL) approach will result in higher order learning outcomes, the concepts of design experiment or design-based research (DBR) and experimental design were considered. A combination of both approaches was adapted into a hybrid methodology that draws on the benefits of these two approaches to address the research question raised. In particular, experimental design was used in combination with microethnography to inform the design process of this study. The experimental design part of the study found that GIS use with PBL resulted in higher order cognitive skills use, such as applying and evaluating while the use of recall reduced. Studying the preliminary results of the microethnography showed that the affordances of the GIS technology such as spatial analysis tools helped students develop cognitive skills of analysis and evaluation. While initial conception of the methodology was a hybrid of both experimental design and design experiment, the resultant methodology was primarily a DBR which addressed the process of learning and the way that learning is supported by GIS. A key outcome in this methodology evaluation process is the importance of having a practitioner on the research team.
Keyword GIS
PBL
Design experiment
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Non HERDC
 
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Created: Fri, 11 Feb 2011, 13:18:07 EST by Helen Smith on behalf of !NON-HERDC