Genomics as a tool for cereal chemistry

Henry, Robert J. (2007) Genomics as a tool for cereal chemistry. Cereal Chemistry, 84 4: 365-369.


Author Henry, Robert J.
Title Genomics as a tool for cereal chemistry
Journal name Cereal Chemistry   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0009-0352
1943-3638
Publication date 2007-07
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1094/CCHEM-84-4-0365
Volume 84
Issue 4
Start page 365
End page 369
Total pages 5
Place of publication St. Paul, MN, United States
Publisher American Association of Cereal Chemists
Language eng
Formatted abstract Genomics is providing a new set of tools for cereal chemistry. Analysis of the DNA of the major cereals is increasing the understanding of the basis of grain quality at the gene level. Differences in the sequence of the gene in different cultivars or differences in the level of expression of the gene may be used to explain differences in processing or end-use quality characteristics. For example, quantitative analysis of the levels of expression of genes at different stages during seed development in wheat or germination in barley can be used to define the genetic basis of differences in wheat and barley quality. Rice quality traits such as fragrance and gelatinization temperature (cooking temperature) can be explained by DNA sequence differences in specific genes identified using genomics approaches. Rapid and reliable species and cultivar identification based on DNA analysis methods developed using genomics tools can be applied to grain and to food products. This technology has special advantages in the analysis of complex mixtures of cereals. Technologies for very high-throughput and very low-cost analysis of large numbers of samples are now available. These may be applied by cereal chemists at many levels: selection in cereal breeding, optimizing processing, and analysis of the identity and composition of grain or food samples. © 2007 AACC International, Inc.
Keyword Real-time PCR
Functional Genomics
Displacement probes
Transgenic Barley
Flanking regions
Gene-expression
Wheat
Rice
Sequence
Grain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation
ERA 2012 Admin Only
 
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Created: Wed, 09 Feb 2011, 12:09:05 EST