Assessment of histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins E1 and E2 and carrageenin as vascular permeability agents in the horse

Auer, D. E., Ng, J. C., Reilly, J. S. and Seawright, A. A. (1991) Assessment of histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins E1 and E2 and carrageenin as vascular permeability agents in the horse. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 14 1: 61-69. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2885.1991.tb00805.x


Author Auer, D. E.
Ng, J. C.
Reilly, J. S.
Seawright, A. A.
Title Assessment of histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins E1 and E2 and carrageenin as vascular permeability agents in the horse
Formatted title Assessment of histamine, bradykinin, prostaglandins E1 and E2 and carrageenin as vascular permeability agents in the horse
Journal name Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0140-7783
1365-2885
Publication date 1991-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2885.1991.tb00805.x
Volume 14
Issue 1
Start page 61
End page 69
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Language eng
Formatted abstract The vascular leakage induced by histamine, bradykinin, serotonin and prostaglandin E1 and E2 was assessed. The test agents were injected intradermally into the shaved thoracic skin of horses and the vascular leakage estimated either semi-quantitatively by recording the diameter of the lesions or by measuring the actual volume of extravasated plasma in microlitres using iodine-125-labelled human serum albumin (125I-HSA) as a marker in the blood plasma. Using the latter method, the vascular leakage induced by carrageenin and the effect of coadministered prostaglandins E1 and E2 upon the vascular leakage of both histamine and bradykinin were also investigated. No obvious lesions resulted when serotonin (10-2 mol/1) was injected but histamine and bradykinin produced circular lesions which increased in diameter for approximately 30 min. The size of the lesions and volume of extravasated plasma was dose dependent. On a molar basis, bradykinin (10-6 mol/1, 10-5 mol/1) was more potent than histamine but they were equipotent at 10-4 mol/1. The size of the lesions induced by carrageenin were independent of their anatomical location on the thorax. Except for the second hour, the hourly volume of vascular leakage increased until the fifth hour when the experiment was concluded. The maximum vascular leakage resulting from the injection of prostaglandin E1 or E2 (1, 10, 100 or 1000 ng) was 7 μ but when co-administered with bradykinin (10-6 mol/1), the volume of leaked plasma increased from 29 to 78 μ. No synergy was observed when either prostaglandin was co-administered with histamine (10-5 mol/1).
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: National Research Centre for Environmental Toxicology Publications
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 6 times in Scopus Article | Citations
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Access Statistics: 44 Abstract Views  -  Detailed Statistics
Created: Wed, 09 Feb 2011, 10:49:37 EST