Online alcohol interventions: A systematic review

White, Angela, Kavanagh, David, Stallman, Helen, Klein, Britt, Kay-Lambkin, Frances, Proudfoot, Judy, Drennan, Judy, Connor, Jason, Baker, Amanda, Hines, Emily and Young, Ross (2010) Online alcohol interventions: A systematic review. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 12 5: e62-1-e62-12. doi:10.2196/jmir.1479

Author White, Angela
Kavanagh, David
Stallman, Helen
Klein, Britt
Kay-Lambkin, Frances
Proudfoot, Judy
Drennan, Judy
Connor, Jason
Baker, Amanda
Hines, Emily
Young, Ross
Title Online alcohol interventions: A systematic review
Journal name Journal of Medical Internet Research   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1438-8871
Publication date 2010
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2196/jmir.1479
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 12
Issue 5
Start page e62-1
End page e62-12
Total pages 12
Editor H. Riper
G. Andersson
H. Christensen
P. Cuijpers
A. Lange
Place of publication Toronto, ON, Canada
Publisher Journal of Medical Internet Research
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: There has been a significant increase in the availability of online programs for alcohol problems. A systematic review of the research evidence underpinning these programs is timely.
Objectives: Our objective was to review the efficacy of online interventions for alcohol misuse. Systematic searches of Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Scopus were conducted for English abstracts (excluding dissertations) published from 1998 onward. Search terms were: (1) Internet, Web*; (2) online, computer*; (3) alcohol*; and (4) E\effect*, trial*, random* (where * denotes a wildcard). Forward and backward searches from identified papers were also conducted. Articles were included if (1) the primary intervention was delivered and accessed via the Internet, (2) the intervention focused on moderating or stopping alcohol consumption, and (3) the study was a randomized controlled trial of an alcohol-related screen, assessment, or intervention.
Results: The literature search initially yielded 31 randomized controlled trials (RCTs), 17 of which met inclusion criteria. Of these 17 studies, 12 (70.6%) were conducted with university students, and 11 (64.7%) specifically focused on at-risk, heavy, or binge drinkers. Sample sizes ranged from 40 to 3216 (median 261), with 12 (70.6%) studies predominantly involving brief personalized feedback interventions. Using published data, effect sizes could be extracted from 8 of the 17 studies. In relation to alcohol units per week or month and based on 5 RCTs where a measure of alcohol units per week or month could be extracted, differential effect sizes to posttreatment ranged from 0.02 to 0.81 (mean 0.42, median 0.54). Pre-post effect sizes for brief personalized feedback interventions ranged from 0.02 to 0.81, and in 2 multi-session modularized interventions, a pre-post effect size of 0.56 was obtained in both. Pre-post differential effect sizes for peak blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) ranged from 0.22 to 0.88, with a mean effect size of 0.66.
Conclusions: The available evidence suggests that users can benefit from online alcohol interventions and that this approach could be particularly useful for groups less likely to access traditional alcohol-related services, such as women, young people, and at-risk users. However, caution should be exercised given the limited number of studies allowing extraction of effect sizes, the heterogeneity of outcome measures and follow-up periods, and the large proportion of student-based studies. More extensive RCTs in community samples are required to better understand the efficacy of specific online alcohol approaches, program dosage, the additive effect of telephone or face-to-face interventions, and effective strategies for their dissemination and marketing. ©Angela White, David Kavanagh, Helen Stallman, Britt Klein, Frances Kay-Lambkin, Judy Proudfoot, Judy Drennan, Jason Connor, Amanda Baker, Emily Hines, Ross Young. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (, 19.12.2010
Keyword Alcohol
Physical health
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Published in Vol 12, No 5 (2010) Theme Issue E-Mental Health (Guest Editors: H Riper, G Andersson, H Christensen, P Cuijpers, A Lange)

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences -- Publications
Official 2011 Collection
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 92 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
Scopus Citation Count Cited 123 times in Scopus Article | Citations
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Created: Sun, 06 Feb 2011, 00:06:24 EST