Visiting the Harvard University Museum of Comparative Zoology is a startling experience for many Queenslanders: pride of place in this American institution goes to an enormous (12.8 metre) skeleton of a Cretaceous marine pliosaur named Kronosaurus queenslandicus. The central importance of this specimen for the museum is indicated by its appearance in 2009 in side view in white on black on the masthead of its website. Indeed, Allen Debus a local enthusiast, describes Kronosaurus as ‘the awe-inspiring “grand finale”’ of childhood visits to the museum. In contrast, in Queensland the creature is not widely known or celebrated, hence the surprise for Queenslanders encountering this creature for the first time overseas. Why is this so? How did this specimen end up in Harvard?