The role of pre-pregnancy physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus

van der Ploeg, Hidde P., van Poppel, Mireille N.M., Chey, Tien, Bauman, Adrian E. and Brown, Wendy J. (2011) The role of pre-pregnancy physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 14 2: 149-152. doi:10.1016/j.jsams.2010.09.002


Author van der Ploeg, Hidde P.
van Poppel, Mireille N.M.
Chey, Tien
Bauman, Adrian E.
Brown, Wendy J.
Title The role of pre-pregnancy physical activity and sedentary behaviour in the development of gestational diabetes mellitus
Journal name Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1440-2440
Publication date 2011-03
Year available 2010
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.09.002
Volume 14
Issue 2
Start page 149
End page 152
Total pages 4
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2011
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) complicates approximately 3–11% of pregnancies and increases the risk on prenatal morbidity and later development of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are thought to play a role in the development of GDM, independent of overweight and obesity. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and the development of GDM using a population-based prospective cohort study. Data from the youngest (1973–1978) cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (n = 2913) were used to determine the influences of self-reported physical activity, and sedentary behaviour in 2000 and 2003 on the development of GDM over subsequent three year periods, with adjustment for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. In this cohort of Australian women, physical activity and sedentary behaviour in 2000 and 2003 were not associated with the development of GDM in the subsequent three years. In adjusted models, odds ratios for the development of GDM were 1.92 (95% CI 1.25–2.96) for overweight women (BMI 25–30 kg/m2) and 3.11 (1.92–5.03) for obese women (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) compared with normal weight women. Those with lower education and women born in an Asian country also had higher risk of developing GDM than more highly educated and Australian born women, respectively. In conclusion, pre-pregnancy physical activity and sedentary behaviour appear to be less important in the development of GDM in this cohort than overweight and obesity.
Keyword Gestational diabetes mellitus
Physical activity
Sedentary behaviour
Epidemiology
Prospective cohort
Population-based
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Available online 27 October, 2010.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2011 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 20 Jan 2011, 17:04:50 EST by Deborah Noon on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences