Work remains an important feature in the lives of the majority of people in our industrial society. However, many traditional practices are being challenged in an attempt to 'humanize' working conditions. The standard 40-hour week, for example, is one such practice which increasingly is being seen as an unnecessary constraint on the use of one's time. Evidence suggests that work schedules which allow a better accommodation between an individuals' work and non-work activities, would be a viable way to improve the quality of working life. In this research report, four common alternative working arrangements - shiftwork, the compressed workweek, flexible working hours and part-time work - are investigated. It will be shown that these alternative schedules, to a greater or lesser degree, contribute to the 'humanization' of the work environment, improve work performance and can significantly enhance the quality of life in general for a large part of the industrial workforce.