The aim of this Thesis is to establish estimates of the population and work-force of Australia until 1981, to serve as a guide to the availability of manpower resources and to act as a guide in policy discussions.
The work-force projection has been obtained by carrying out independent projections of the population and of work-force participation rates under given assumptions. These two projections have been combined to give estimates of the work-force.
Mortality and fertility conditions, and the annual net flow of migration, have been identified as the variables relevant to a population projection. The assumptions concerning these variables have been examined, and have been made as realistic as possible.
For the analysis of the work-force, the variables of age, sex and marital status have been examined. An Attempt is also made, in examining work-force participation, to differentiate between Australian-born and foreign-born persons, and also between persons residing in Urban and Rural areas.
The analysis is complicated by changes in definition and coverage of the "work-force" concept adopted for the I966 Census, As a result of this complication, the desirability of examining the work-force in terms of a "full-time" or "part-time" work-force is also examined.